Spanish companies complain that they can not find the young talent they are looking for in a job market where unemployment affects 34% of the active population under 25 years of age compared to 15% of the European average. According to the study The future of employment and the professional skills of the future: the perspective of companies, developed by IESE Business School and presented this morning in Madrid by the former director general of the school, Jordi Canals, 72% of large companies have difficulties to cover the jobs they offer. Although the research does not take into account the conditions and especially the salaries offered by these corporations -which may be behind some of these imbalances- the organizations maintain that young people lack some knowledge, skills and attitudes that are an essential requirement to be part of of your templates.
In an environment in which the labor model is changing due to the push of new technologies, companies detect the biggest gaps between the training of young people and the jobs they offer precisely in the workplace. knowledge of these new technologies, where 68% of the 53 companies surveyed do not find candidates; and in the use of languages (52%). But the mismatch does not only affect these issues. In relation to capacities of young people aspiring university students, 56% of the organizations find that they do not know how to work in a team and 52% that communication skills are still a handicap, as is the case with the execution capacity for 38% of the companies consulted.
In the case of graduates in professional training, the IESE report shows that they have the same lace problems in the profiles required by the organizations and in the same degree with regard to communication competence and language proficiency, however , to these young people the knowledge of the new technologies fails them a little less (48%), as does their ability to work as a team (48%). The same situation occurs when their attitudes are valued.
The study shows that the greatest gaps between applicants and job offers occur in the ability to adapt and resilience, where 72% of companies think that university students fail and only 52% of FP graduates. In matters of initiative and entrepreneurial spirit, other of the most important gaps in the study, university students respond better to the demands of companies than graduates of professional training.
Although the companies complain that they do not have as many FP graduates as they would like, especially Dual FP, according to María Luisa Blázquez, a researcher at IESE who is the author of the study, the truth is that they continue to bet on their hiring by university students, 67% versus 17%. And they justify it by saying that Dual FP has low penetration, that the studies do not respond to the contents that are needed or that these graduates do not have the same professional path as those who leave the University.
What everyone sees clearly is that there is a problem in the Spanish education system, where business organizations would like to have a more active role to help correct the gap between training and the needs of companies. The experts look towards the Anglo-Saxon model, which gives priority to practice over theory, since skills and competences are as necessary or more than knowledge, in the opinion of the representatives of IESE. And also from the CEO of Amadeus, Luis Maroto: "The Anglo-Saxons have more complete profiles than those we find in France or Spain, where training is more technical". Maroto assures that the companies also have the responsibility of scribing the continuous training of their workers so that they do not become obsolete. "At Amadeus we believe in the incorporation of young people and we believe in internal development," he said.
The companies participating in the study believe that the imbalances between labor supply and demand will worsen in the next five years. "We move from a society that has historically protected employment to another that must protect employability, in which if you lose your job, you have the ability to quickly find another," said Jordi Canals, for whom the system educational is dysfunctional and needs a central role of companies.