July 24, 2021

You can enter the country only if the robot that controls the border trusts your face | Innovation

You can enter the country only if the robot that controls the border trusts your face | Innovation


Artificial intelligence also serves to detect lies. At least, this premise is based on the European Union to design its new border control system, designed to make the work of humans more efficient. Only over the past year, more than a billion people (specifically, 1,046,671,662) landed or took off from the EU, according to Eurostat data. To this figure we must add the movement of passengers by land and sea. Check the documentation and solve conflicts that may arise from the arrival and departure of so many people seems a task of titans that could be streamlined with the implementation of iBorderCtrl, a pilot project funded with 4.5 million euros.

The system starts working when users complete an online application and load some documents, such as their passport. Then a virtual assistant takes over. Using artificial intelligence and facial recognition, check if passengers are lying about, for example, what is inside their luggage. It raises questions like: "If you open your suitcase and show me what is inside, will you confirm that your answers are true?

Travelers respond in front of a webcam and the system analyzes and qualifies dozens of micro-gestures. iBorderCtrl is able to recognize up to 38 microexpressions and detects if we are cheating the virtual assistant. It acts as a system of recognition of lies capable of analyzing risk. In case you detect a potential lie, notify a security agent to review the case more thoroughly. Passengers who pass the test receive a QR code that allows them to pass the border.

Although the creators say that the reliability is quite high, it is still not enough. According to Keeley Crockett, one of the members of the iBorderCtrl team, in some statements collected by Gizmodo, the system achieves a reliability of 85%, which could result in a large number of false positives. To solve this problem, artificial intelligence needs to continue learning of a large amount of data collected from security officers at the border, from their way of conducting interviews and conducting surveys.

The boom in security at the border is attracting important companies seeking to modernize controls, according to Xataka. iBorderCtrl is one of the chosen ones for the Horizon 2020 project that the European Union has launched. "By then, the 13 companies that finance this project expect the European security market to reach a value of 128 million euros." For now, the system is being tested on the ground in Hungary, Latvia and Greece, where the first tests have already been launched; and among the countries participating in the project are also Poland, Germany and Spain.

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