The global migratory pact prepared by the United Nations (UN) will be signed tomorrow in the Moroccan city of Marrakech amid numerous absences from receiving countries and the low representativeness of the other countries that will sign the first global document on the subject.
Countries that are mostly recipients of emigrants (Australia, Italy, Bulgaria, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Estonia, Lithuania, Israel or the Dominican Republic) announced that they will not adopt the text and will not attend the meeting of Marrakech, a fact that compromises the relevance of the event.
The main arguments advanced by these countries is that the agreement, despite its non-binding nature, can generate political commitments to the detriment of the sovereignty of States; besides that it does not establish a difference between regular and irregular migrants.
Withdrawals began last year with the United States, which distanced itself from the process of drafting the pact – agreed in June 2017 after 18 months of intense negotiations – with the argument that it contains clauses that are not in accordance with the immigration policy of President Donald Trump. .
The United States Mission to the UN accused the organization yesterday of trying to promote through this pact "global governance at the expense of the sovereign right of States to control their immigration systems."
According to the organizers of the Marrakesh summit, two thirds of the 193 member countries of the UN will attend the Marrakech summit but with different degrees of representativeness, of which the presence of at least two African heads of state and some leaders stands out. Europeans like the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, or the Spanish Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez, among others, in addition to the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres.
The migratory pact, in spite of not being binding, generates rejection and internal division within the countries that are going to sign it: in Belgium, the Flemish nationalists of the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) retired this Saturday from the governmental coalition due to that the prime minister, Charles Michel, will go to Marrakech to sign the text, which on his return to Brussels should undertake a government reshuffle.
In France, which will be represented at the Marrakesh meeting by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, although Emmanuel Macron was expected beforehand, the extreme right-wingers asked the French president not to endorse the Pact.
Thus, its leader Marine Le Pen called nationalist and right-wing formations in Europe yesterday to create a united bloc in the Euro-chamber to defend the "nation-states" and fight against "mass immigration".
Le Pen lashed out at the UN migratory pact that she said would "encourage" immigration to Europe and "force subsidies."
Faced with the growing rejection of the agreement, the UN reiterates that the document does not impose any obligation on countries and that it is neither favorable nor contrary to migration.
"Migration is a reality, it is neither bad nor good," defended last week the high representative for United Nations Migration, the Canadian Louise Arbor, stressing that the important thing is that countries work together to better manage a global phenomenon to which they can not answer alone.
The Global Compact for Migration is made up of 23 objectives and is the first global document on this phenomenon that offers a cooperation framework to better manage migration at the local, national and international levels, as well as identifying the best actions in this area.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) argues that the pact "represents a historic opportunity to improve international cooperation on migration and to strengthen the contribution of migrants and migration to sustainable development."
According to IOM figures, there are more than 258 million migrants in the world, representing 3.4% of the population; a figure that will grow as a result of globalization, the growing connectivity through communications and transport, demographic imbalances and climate change, among other reasons.
Fatima Zohra Bouaziz