In 2019, a total of 31,911 women had protection orders or precautionary measures for gender violence. They are 2% more than those registered in 2018, according to what the National Statistics Institute has published today based on the Central Registry for the Protection of Victims of Domestic and Gender Violence, under the Ministry of Justice. The rise is the smallest in the last four years, but it is very pronounced in women over 75 years of age, who register a 25% rise compared to 2018. It is followed by the range of 70 to 74 years, which has registered a rise 15.6%. However, the average age of the victims was 36.6 years.
As for the accused, the INE reveals that there were 31,805 the number of men with precautionary measures last year, 1.8% more. In this case, the same happens with the victims: it rises, but it is the smallest escalation in the last five years, which have always registered increases above 2%. In the case of those reported, the average age stands at 39.4 years and the sharpest increases are also found in the group of over 75 years (14.6%) and in the group under 18, with 21 ,4%.
The total of precautionary measures issued for gender violence was 98,990: 74% criminal and the rest civil. Of the first, the most frequent were the prohibition of approach (36.7%), the communication prohibition (35.7%) and provisional freedom (14.0%). Of the civilians, the list is led by the determination of the food provision regime (26.8% of the total), the custody regime (26.3%) and the determination of the visitation regime (23.7%).
Domestic violence: women and children under 18
The statistics published by the INE on Tuesday also offer data on the registered cases of domestic violence, that is, those that occur in the family environment to the exclusion of gender violence. In 2019, the Central Registry of the Ministry of Justice registered 7,654 victims in domestic violence cases with an order of protection or precautionary measures. They are 3.6% more than in 2018. The number of people reported was also increased to 5,395, which is 5.9% more than a year earlier.
If we analyze the cases of domestic violence based on the gender of whistleblowers and those reported, it is noteworthy that the majority of the registered victims, specifically 62%, were women; while the majority of people reported were men (72%). Regarding age, the INE reveals that, unlike gender-based violence, domestic violence affected all age ranges “more uniformly”, but it highlights the incidence in those under 18, who are one in four victims. On the other hand, half of the accused were between 30 and 49 years old.