This Monday Ecuador will go from isolation to social distancing at a time when the number of people infected by coronavirus is close to 30,000 cases, while the deaths confirmed by this disease amounted to 1,564, according to official figures.
The Minister of Health, Juan Carlos Zevallos, indicated this Sunday that in addition 1,312 probable deaths by COVID-19 are registered nationwide.
According to official statistics, of the 29,538 confirmed cases of coronavirus, 15,960 are stable in home isolation and 343 are stable in hospitals and 154 with a reserved prognosis.
So far 3,330 patients have been recovered, 1,992 have been discharged from hospital, 6,225, epidemiological discharge, and 78,659 samples have been taken between PCR and rapid tests.
Based on the results of the PCR tests, in the province of Guayas there are 13,053 infected, followed by those of Pichincha (1,698), Manabí (934), Los Ríos (931), El Oro (624), Santa Elena (583) , Azuay (551), Cañar (377), Santo Domingo de los Táchilas (324) and Loja (316). The rest have less than 300 cases each.
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TRAFFIC LIGHT
In Ecuador, controls are maintained to contain COVID-19 and details are finalized to put into operation the epidemiological "traffic light" system, devised as a strategy for the gradual lifting and regulation of confinement restrictions, in order to resume some work activities.
The phase change will depend on the decision of each municipality, which will determine the color of the traffic light (red, yellow or green).
In a virtual press conference, the Government Minister, María Paula Romo, indicated today that more than 200 municipalities have decided to start the process "in red".
In the new modality, the compulsory isolation of those over 60 years old and people whose medical condition puts them in a vulnerable situation against COVID-19 will be maintained.
Likewise, the obligatory use of masks, the unrestricted respect for national safe-conducts, the prohibition of public events, massive events and outdoor sports.
The premises in operation of essential areas (food, medicine and banks) will operate with 50% capacity, the suspension of face-to-face classes and the prohibition of inter-provincial passenger transport continues.
Likewise, land and air borders are kept closed (only return flights of nationals and humanitarian flights provided for in the protocols are allowed) and interprovincial transport of parcels is authorized.
With the red light there is authorization for commercial activities by ordering by telephone or online and home delivery; The hours of home delivery of products are extended from 07:00 to 22:00, and the taxi service between 05:00 and 22:00, according to the restriction according to license plate number.
The suspension of the face-to-face workday is maintained, except in essential sectors as it has worked so far, and according to the last license plate number, one day of car circulation is allowed per week, but not on weekends.
The curfew is maintained between 14:00 and 05:00 and there is additional work authorization only in pilot projects authorized by the Emergency Operations Committee.
At the yellow traffic light, in public institutions, priority will be given to teleworking, but face-to-face work can be resumed with a maximum of 50% of its staff at the same time, while in private all non-essential sectors decide when to return to Your activities.
Outpatient care for all medical specialties is authorized, the curfew is reduced from 6:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m., urban and inter-parish transport is authorized with a maximum occupancy per unit of 30%, and vehicle circulation is increased two days a week, depending on the last digit.
Commercial activities in premises may operate with a maximum capacity of 30% of its capacity.
With the green light, you can resume face-to-face work with a maximum of 70% of your staff at the same time, but priority should be given to teleworking.
The movement of vehicles is defined by odd or even plates, the curfew is in force between 9:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m., the outpatient service of all medical specialties and liberal professions is authorized, and the operation of shops with a maximum capacity of fifty %.
In addition, urban, inter-parish and inter-cantonal transport is authorized with a maximum occupancy of 50%.
On economic issues, Romo stressed that in recent days the disbursement "of $ 700 million from the IDB and $ 650 million from the International Monetary Fund has already been approved."
"There are, in addition, other resources from other multilaterals aimed at addressing the pandemic and also at the financing that the country requires," he said.
So far, "he added," there are more or less 1,500, 1,600 million dollars that have already been confirmed as disbursements and that will occur in the coming days. "
In addition, he assured that they are now focused on achieving a coordinated work in order to get financing options to face the economic emergency with the National Assembly, which is studying two urgent economic bills sent by the Executive in this regard.