At the time of skiing it is important to take all possible precautions and suitable material
The use of the helmet in snow sports can reduce up to 60 percent injuries and severe trauma to the head in the event of a fall or blow, according to the specialist in Arthroscopic Surgery of the University Hospital HM Torrelodones (Madrid) and traumatologist of the Royal Spanish Federation of Winter Sports, Diego García-Germán.
However, the expert has stressed the importance of reviewing the material that will be used before the season starts, since, for example, some skis in good conditions with proper adjustment of the bindings or "properly" buckled boots will reduce the risk of injury.
In addition, he continues, articulated knee pads have proven useful in reducing failure episodes and could play a key role in the prevention of relapse in patients who have suffered a previous injury Anterior cruciate ligament.
When practicing skiing injuries of the lower extremities are more frequent, specifically in the knee and, more precisely, in the anterior cruciate ligament. For its part, among fans to the 'snowboard' it is more usual to damage the wrist, the clavicle or the shoulder.
"In both cases the physical and technical training of the athlete is essential, it is common that, after months of inactivity, we want to ski for a week, and this greatly increases the risk of injury," the doctor explained.
When it comes to practicing winter sports, García-Germán has underlined the importance of doing a warm-up of at least 10 minutes before starting the activity, ppreferably before putting on the boots, to also include the ankles and cufflinks.
In the same way, it has been recommended to mobilize the trunk and lower extremities and repeat the stretches at the end of the session. "You have to maintain an adequate level of hydration, take breaks and eat something, like in any other sport. Do not forget that fatigue increases the risk of injury, "he added.
Finally, the specialist of the University Hospital HM Torrelodones has remembered that in the snow the solar exhibition is greater, reason why it is convenient to use solar protection factor 50 or 50+, apply 15 minutes before skiing and, after, every two hours.