July 4, 2020

Why do bars close?

Weekend plan: departure with connected colleagues, Netflix and the dinner that Glovo will bring! Sunday, home football. No visit to the bar. The flag song of Cabinet Caligari no longer sounds. Love stories are no longer kneaded in bars but in dating apps. Last year, again, 1,124 bars were closed in bullskin. Spain, the country of bars par excellence is a little less. This is indicated by the last Yearbook of Hospitality of Spain 2019. In 2018 they have practically maintained the rate of fall of the previous year, which in recent years has softened and does not reach 1%, adding in that year 183,306 establishments (1,124 less than past year). However, the bars represent just over 58% of the establishments in the hotel sector as a whole and, as in previous years, despite decreasing in number, their production increased moderately (0.2%) to 36,289 million of euros.

Nevertheless, the Spanish hospitality industry is one of the most powerful industries in the country. In 2018, it exceeded last year the 300,000 establishments (314,311 registered), which employed 1.7 million workers. This sector closed the year with a turnover of 123,612 million euros, which represents 6.2% of national GDP. The bars are still the kings of the sector by many who close.

Of the more than 300,000 establishments that the Spanish hospitality industry registered in 2018, about 35,000 correspond to the accommodation, while the catering establishments have the most representation, with about 90% of the total, or what is the same, 280,000 local. This last figure represents 1,857 establishments more than in 2017 (an increase of 0.7%). This growth is somewhat smoother than it took place in 2017, which is due to the positive evolution of restaurants and catering and catering establishments, while the bars, which are the most numerous, reduced their census again. In total, the production of the restoration subsector increased by 2.4%, with nearly 94 billion euros.

Among the conclusions of this report, it stands out that the hotel industry is one of the productive branches of the structure of the Spanish economy with an important weight in the GDP, which it has managed to conserve over the years. According to the national accounting reviews of the INE, the hospitality contribution to the Spanish economy in 2018 stands at 6.2%, of which 4.7% comes from catering services and 1.5% of the accommodation. Despite the growth in turnover, this represents a decrease in percentage weight with respect to the 7.2% it contributed to GDP in 2017, due to the readjustment of the different activities and the greater control of the submerged economy.

The hospitality sector has experienced a more moderate growth than the previous year, continuing with the trend of 2017, although the evolution has remained positive. Thus, the whole hotel industry invoiced 123,612 million euros, 2.4% more than the previous year.

1.7 million jobs between bars, restaurants and hotels,

For its part, employment has again broken records, reaching 1.7 million workers hired in hospitality, this is 71,000 more than in 2017. The maximum employment was reached in the months of greatest tourist influx (July and August) , exceeding for the first time the figure of 1.8 million workers.

“The figures show the importance of all catering and accommodation establishments that make up the hospitality sector for tourism and the economy of our country, due to its important contribution to the national GDP, the high number of jobs it creates and for the key role it plays in tourism development, ”said José Luis Yzuel, president of Hospitality of Spain in the presentation of the yearbook. And it is that "despite the different economic cycles we have gone through and the strength of the new economic activities, it has shown that it continues to maintain its contribution to national wealth," he concluded.

The group of collectivities and catering increased at the same rate as the restaurants, 3.1%, and already accounts for just over 17,000 stores. The production of this branch of activity increased 3.8% compared to a year ago, to a total of 10,326 million euros.

Record of employment generation

The average employment achieved in hospitality with respect to the whole of the Spanish employed population reaches 8.8% in 2018. The hotel industry thus remains in third position in employment, only behind the industry as a whole (12.8%) and trade (15.6%).

Specifically, the hospitality sector as a whole has exceeded 1.7 million workers employed in 2018 of 19.3 million in the entire economy of the country. This represents 71,000 more workers than in 2017, of the nearly 503,000 generated by the national economy as a whole, according to the employment data of the INE Active Population Survey (EPA). This occupation represents an annual variation of 4.3%, above the increase in the national average (2.7%), which is double the growth of the previous year. It should also be noted that in the summer months (July and August) the figure of 1.8 million workers was exceeded for the first time.

By branches, in the restoration activities, 1.3 million employed workers were surpassed and in the accommodation activities, the 400,000 employed. Employment increased in both branches and, as was the case last year, growth was higher in the restoration subsector, where it rose 5.2%, three points above the 2017 increase (about 64,000 more workers). In the accommodation it was similar to the previous year, of 1.7% (around 7,000 more).

After two consecutive years of declines, the self-employed again evolved positively with an increase over the previous year of 6.4% (333,550 workers), being 19.5% of total employment in the sector, a percentage that raises up to about 24% in the restoration subsector.

Of the total employment, 24.8% is part-time – around 400,000 workers – a percentage that is one point less than the previous year.

. (tagsToTranslate) Hospitality

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