At the beginning there were only three. With its green body and its characteristic style vintage, which is reminiscent of a Vespa, the electric scooters of Yego - a company that at that time its founders baptized Yugo - were the first to be hired for short trips in Barcelona, in February 2016. In the little more than two and a half years that followed that premiere, a barrage of shared motorcycles has flooded the Ciudad Condal. If in Madrid - it can be considered the capital of the motosharing Spanish - there are now more than 4,500 vehicles of this type, managed by six companies, in Barcelona four companies now share this market, offering some 2,200 motorcycles.
One of the key pieces to understand the new urban mobility, the system of rental of short duration of ecological scooters of Barcelona undeniably meets the demand. From July 15 to November 3, an average of 32,400 weekly electric motorcycle reservations were registered, with a peak of 39,272 between September 30 and October 6, according to data from the Chipi multimodal mobility application.
MOTORCYCLES SHARED IN BARCELONA
The mechanism to rent one of those bikes is always the same: a app on the mobile to unlock the vehicle and pay for the time of use through a card, once the journey is finished and the motorcycle is parked. If the services offered for the different companies are very similar, however, there are some differences that it is better to take into account when choosing the bike that best suits the specific needs of each user.
Yego, fast and easy
Having reached the age of 18 and having an AM or B driver's license will be necessary conditions to ride one of the veteran's vehicles. motosharing in Barcelona. The scooters of Yego can reach a speed of 50 kilometers / hour and have a range of about 50 kilometers with maximum load, although this last data has little relevance, according to one of its founders, Tim Ougeot, because "in a motorcycle service shared is never reached such a long journey. "
These bikes, each carrying two helmets, are located in Barcelona capital, except in neighborhoods, during 24 hours, every day of the year. Leaving the vehicle outside the service area will result in a penalty of 50 euros, and lend it to another person, 100 euros. The standard rate is 22 cents per minute, but there are bonuses that reduce this figure by 17, 18 or 19 cents. There is the possibility of putting the motorcycle in stop mode, to make a break without losing the reservation. In this case, 14 cents per minute will be paid.
"The style and comfort of motorcycles, app faster and simpler market, customer support through a chat available at any time of day and night, and an average response time of less than 45 seconds "are the competitive advantages that Ougeot highlights for Yego, which It also operates in Valencia and Bordeaux (France) and has about 40,000 users in Barcelona.
eCooltra, always available
"We launched our motosharing 100% electric in Barcelona in March 2016, "recalls Almudena del Mar Muñoz, communication director of eCooltra. The great acceptance that they found, led them to open the first mobility service of this type in Madrid, a year later. According to company data, the followers of eCooltra are already 500,000, distributed in the five cities in which it operates (in addition to the capital and Barcelona, are also in Lisbon, Rome and Milan).
In Barcelona, there are a thousand Govecs motorcycles, of German manufacture, with two helmets, an autonomy of 50 kilometers and a displacement equivalent to 49 cubic centimeters, which limits its speed to 45 kilometers per hour. To drive them, you will need an AM-type driving license (mopeds).
Motorcycles, as well as customer service and maintenance, are available every day of the week, 24 hours a day. The scooter can be picked up and left in a place where it is possible to park these vehicles in the service area. "We have the largest fleet," says Muñoz, "so there will always be availability."
Driving an eCooltra motorcycle will mean the payment of 26 cents per minute, although there are packs of 100, 250 and 500 minutes, which bring the cost down to 23, 21, and 19 cents per minute, respectively.
Muving, powerful and fast
More than a year later, on September 15, 2017, the two pioneers in Barcelona joined Muving, which now has about 30,000 registered users in Barcelona, 60,000 in Madrid, and another 210,000 distributed between Valencia, Seville, Córdoba, Granada, Malaga, Cádiz, Murcia, Zaragoza and Puerto de Santa María. The rate applied by Muving, 25 cents per minute, is very similar to that of eCooltra, and in this case there are also loyalty bonuses that make it cheaper, leaving the minute at 23, 21, 19 or 15 cents if you buy 100 , 200, 400 or 1,000 minutes, respectively. During the time of a stop, a reduced rate of 12 cents per minute will apply.
Its fleet in Barcelona consists of 350 Muvi, the Spanish-made electric vehicle Torrot, with a displacement equivalent to 125 cubic centimeters, a maximum speed of 65 kilometers per hour, and a range of 60 kilometers, and which requires, in order to drive it, a driving license type A1 or B1 with more than three years old. "It was the first electric scooter in Europe to obtain the homologation, and among its advantages is the power and a higher speed compared to other models, which represents a reason for weight among users when choosing us," says the CEO of Muving, Miguel Ángel Martínez.
However, the vehicles - in which trunk are two helmets, one of size L and another M - are not available at any time. "From 3 in the morning until 6 o'clock, we took advantage of the service interruption to perform recharges and maintenance", explains Martínez.
Scoot, the multimodal
The last one to sail the streets of Barcelona with its 500 red Silence electric motorcycles has been Scoot, which started operating five months ago. "We chose these bikes because they have a power equivalent to 125 cubic centimeters and an autonomy of approximately 100 kilometers," says Scoot marketing director Anna Juan. Their speed is limited to 80 kilometers per hour and, for their displacement, they require the A1 motorcycle license or the car license (B) with more than three years of experience.
At the moment, the area in which it is possible to find or park Scoot motorcycles -which have two helmets of different sizes and two USB ports- excludes some neighborhoods in the upper part of Barcelona, but includes Hospitalet de Fira and the City of Barcelona. Justice. The service is available every day, at any time and costs 1 euro when unlocking the scooter and 20 cents per minute, although the company is considering a change in its pricing policy.
His rental bikes -whose fleet has 750 copies- is the main competitive advantage of Scoot that Juan points out. "We are the only service that offers different vehicles in a single app and users can drive both from the same account," he concludes.
If the shared bikes are already part of Barcelona's urban panorama, Barcelona has not yet developed a system of carsharing (car per minute) comparable to Madrid. This is in fact rental vehicles that are usually found in underground parking and can be reserved and used for hours or all day. But then you have to return them to the same place where they were collected, a completely different concept than the one applied in the capital.
"You should bet on the car for minutes as a service, but this should not completely replace the private car or public transport," warns the director of the Agència de Ecologia Urbana de Barcelona, Salvador Rueda. "That is why it would be advisable to limit the number of units of carsharing present in the communication channels of our cities, "he adds. The objective: to reduce the number of vehicles for the benefit of public transport, the bicycle and the transfers on foot. In this way, "part of the private vehicles that would be subtracted, would be shared," says Rueda.