Dairy products will have to include from this Tuesday the indication of its origin in the labeling based on the royal decree approved by the government four months ago. According to this measure, articles produced in Spain must identify the "milking country" and the "country of transformation" of the milk used as raw material. The rule is temporary, for a period of two years, although the winners expect that once this period is over, it will be finally implemented and following the path initiated in other countries such as France, Italy or Portugal.
From now on, consumers will be able to easily detect if the dairy products they buy have been manufactured in Spain. When the country of milking or processing is exclusively Spain, the companies will have to indicate "Spain" and it will not be possible to substitute the expression "EU" to dry. In cases where the milk is not exclusively Spanish, the product must include a label with the "Milking country" and "Country of transformation" with the name of member state or "EU", "outside the EU", «EU and outside the EU». From the Ministry of Agriculture they defend that with this new nomenclature, the milk milked and transformed in Spain will be clearly distinguished. For its part, dairy products manufactured before the entry into force of the standard may be marketed until stocks are exhausted.
Livestock organizations and consumer associations have been demanding for some time that the origin of dairy products be specified to encourage the purchase of items of national origin. "The consumer shows increasing concern for the sustainability of our rural habitat and the natural environment that surrounds it. In this sense, it is widely recognized the role of social, environmental and economic dynamising that production and milk cooperatives play in the villages, since in addition to the wealth that they generate, it allows the development of other complementary activities linked to and benefit the environment in the that settles, "says Cooperativas Agro-alimentarias in a press release. From UPA value the news as "excellent" because "the consumer will have a basic information to know where the milk comes from and what are the levels of quality of the production process."
However, a report published by Competition advised "caution" at the time of legislating on the origin of milk. From the CNMC consider that "the obligation to include information on the geographical origin of the products" may be important for the consumer, but can also mean "a restriction on the free movement of goods and, therefore, competition effective ». «This type of measures can have a protectionist effect with the national industry, helping to compartmentalize the market by geographic zones», as it is clear from the aforementioned report.
Spain is the seventh European producer of cow's milk with 5% of the total and more than seven million tons per year. From UPA remember that this production is very far from large producing countries such as Germany (31.1 million tons) or France (23.7 million tons).
The Executive also wants to implement references to the origin of honey through a royal decree to modify the current quality standard to introduce a more detailed mandatory labeling on the origin of honey. The current labeling of honey may include the following nomenclature: "EU honey mixture", "mixture of non-EU honey" or "mixture of honey from the EU and non-EU honey". From the Ministry of Agriculture recognize that the use of these mentions does not give sufficient information on the origin of honey and consider necessary to modify the regulations within the framework of the European directive that regulates this sector.