The eyes are one of our main five senses. Despite this, we do not usually pay adequate attention to them nor do we usually make visits to the right specialist. An estimated 1.3 billion people around the world live with some form of near or distance vision impairment, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Dry eye: what is it and how to treat it at home
The main causes of poor vision These are usually uncorrected refractive errors, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, or corneal opacity, according to the same data. The visit to the ophthalmologist is crucial because he is the one who can diagnose, treat and prevent any eye disease and intervene in case of refractive surgery operations.
The nine signs that tell you that you should visit the ophthalmologist
Be concious of the warning signs our eyes send us, especially as we age, can help us take the necessary and appropriate measures to protect our eyesight. Some eye problems require the attention of an ophthalmologist to minimize future problems. The Academy of Ophthalmology American (AAO) lists the reasons to see an ophthalmologist:
1. Blurred vision or change in vision
An optometrist may diagnose you waterfalls, macular degeneration related to age, retina or systemic disease. If cataracts require surgery, the ophthalmologist is the one who will operate on you.
The ophthalmologist is specially trained to diagnose and treat diseases and to perform eye surgery. Detected early, cataracts can be resolved with surgery quickly and painlessly.
2. Flashes in vision
They could indicate a serious problem such as a retinal detachment. Sometimes what is known as floaters, usually small particles of blood, dirt or cells that accumulate in the vitreous and cause shadows. Although these spots are harmless, the ophthalmologist must rule out other problems such as retinal detachment.
3. Eye pain
It can be a sign of a foreign body trapped in the eye or of a viral or bacterial infection. It can also indicate a sudden attack of narrow-angle glaucoma that can damage the optic nerve. The ophthalmologist can help you determine the root of this pain and apply the appropriate treatment.
4. After suffering an acute eye injury
Whether you have received a blow or a cleansing liquid has entered your eye, you should urgently consult an ophthalmologist to help you apply the appropriate medical treatment and rule out more serious damage.
5. Double vision
This symptom can be a sign of systemic brain conditions or nerve damage.
6. Sudden loss of vision
Even if vision returns, it is important to see an ophthalmologist urgently because it can be a sign of a potentially blinding eye condition. It can also be due to some of the problems that appear with age, such as glaucoma, cataracts, or macular degeneration.
Eye examinations in these cases are especially important. Although there are up to 37 million people who are blind worldwide, it is estimated that in the 80% of cases can be prevented or try.
7. Dry eye
Having dry eyes from time to time is not a problem, but it is when this is something recurrent because it could indicate that we suffer from syndrome Dry Eye, which appears due to lack of lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye and requires medical treatment.
If the home remedies do not relieve it, an ophthalmologist can identify the cause and find a treatment that can help. Sometimes it can appear due to possible allergies or habits such as smoking or spending many hours in front of a screen.
8. People with diabetes
They have to undergo regular eye checks because high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the eye and lead to vision loss. Controlling these levels and getting regular checkups can help protect your eyes from diabetes.
9. Vision rehabilitation
An ophthalmologist can help us preserve our eyesight and increase our independence in daily life if we already suffer from low vision. Healthy lifestyle habits, such as not smoking, exercising, and eating a balanced diet are also fundamental aspects when it comes to taking care of our eyes and preventing vision problems.
Visits to the ophthalmologist
One in three people do not check your vision regularly, which increases the risk of suffering a visual impairment that is not treated due to ignorance, according to data from the National College of Opticians-Optometrists(CNOO).
Experts recommend visiting the ophthalmologist on a regular basis, starting as early as the first years of life, specifically at three years of age (at five years of age they are already learning to read and annual check-ups help assess both eye health and the functionality of the vision). Between 20 and 40 years it is necessary to go at least once to the ophthalmologist every two years.
Starting from 40 years to 64 It is recommended that visits to the ophthalmologist be more frequent, at least once a year, because that is when the risk of visual dysfunction usually increases. From the age of 65, when presbyopia and visual problems such as cataracts, glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration increase, it is advisable to increase annual visits.
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