As every year, the Organization of Consumers and Users (OCU) publishes its Christmas Price Observatory to study the price evolution of the main food consumer goods during these dates.
Seven tricks for a cheaper Christmas dinner, but also great
We already know that everything gets more expensive until it reaches the peak Christmas Eve and New Year’s Eve and therefore the OCU measures the progressive rise in prices from the end of November, when they are normalized, until 23-24, when they reach their maximum. The measurement is carried out in three shots: end of November, mid-December and finally on December 23.
To carry out the observatory, the OCU looks at fifteen typically Christmas products that it judges among the most consumed. Such are:
- Suckling lamb to roast by quarters
- Round beef
- Iberian bait ham cut (50%)
- Sea bream
- Aquaculture sea bass
- Hake cut
- Cooked non-frozen prawns (size 40/60)
- Galician barnacles
- Slimy clams
- Oysters (dozen)
About where are the prices observed, the OCU goes to supermarkets, hypermarkets, department stores and municipal markets in Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Seville, Valencia and Zaragoza. Specifically, the markets La Boquería and Sant Antoni (in Barcelona), Maravillas y Ventas (in Madrid), Triana in Seville, Central Market of Valencia, Central Market of Zaragoza and La Ribera in Bilbao.
Regarding supermarkets the organization visits Carrefour, Mercadona, El Corte Inglés, Hipercor, Alcampo. Also other very well established chains, especially at the local level, such as Caprabo, Esclat, Bon Preu (in Barcelona), Ahorramás, Sánchez Romero (in Madrid), BM (in Bilbao), Eroski (in Bilbao and Zaragoza), MAS, El Jamón ( in Seville) and Consum (in Valencia).
The results of the third take
The third shot took place on December 21 and 22, after the second half-month shot, the results of which we will show you in this article. In it, it has been detected a rise of 7.5% compared to this second and an increase of 9.4% in relation to the prices of the first intake, at the end of November.
The prices of the red cabbage and pineapple, they remained quite stable throughout the study. For his part lamb is 5.1% more expensive that 10 days ago, the ham rose 4.8%, and the round and turkey practically maintained (they are 1% and 0.7% more expensive respectively). Only the pularde lowered its price, -2.1% compared to the previous shot.
On the other hand, while meats remain affordable, fish and seafood show marked increases that discourage them as an option for an affordable dinner. Specific sea bream is 44% more expensive than in the previous shot, and accumulated a rise of 68.9% since the beginning of the study.
Regarding the barnacles, another Christmas classic, with an average price of 105 euros they have risen 41% in a few days, and together they are 51.2% more expensive than in the first. Hake is now 9.3% more expensive than a few days ago, and 23.3% more expensive than a month ago.
Instead the clams they are 4.3% cheaper than ten days ago. Cooked non-frozen prawns have also dropped slightly compared to the last intake and are 4% cheaper than a month ago. As a curiosity, the price of elvers, a luxury item (more than 840 euros per kilo), has not skyrocketed in this shot.
In general, as has happened in previous years, the OCO highlights than the rises, they are more moderate in meat and vegetable products and strikingly strong in fish and seafood.
What products are cheaper than in 2019?
Reviewing in the table the prices of the 15 products in our Christmas basket, the OCU reveals that there are 4 products whose price has barely changed Over the previous year:
- round beef (a slight increase of 1%)
- red cabbage, now 1% cheaper than in 2019.
There is 6 more foods that are now cheaper than last year:
- clams (-36%),
- sea bass (-17%) and
- prawns (-14%)
- hake (-2%)
- pularde (-8%)
- ham (-9%)
The products that go up:
- sea bream,
- lamb (to a lesser extent, as “only” rises 3%).
Although in the rest the trend is towards stability or decreases, it is these large increases that incline up the general balance of the price of Christmas 2020, specifically to 1.6% compared to 2019 and 30% since start of the historical series of observations, at Christmas 2015.
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