Without resources, without financing, without time for your personal life and without knowing if they will have to close at any time. Small businesses struggle to survive in an increasingly hostile environment, where their competitors, the big chains, gain ground on each corner. Running a small business creates stress for 6 out of 10 owners in Spain. Of that 61.2 %%, 19.59% said they suffered "a lot of stress" and 41.63% described it as moderate stress, according to a study by UENI analysts to learn about the mental health of small businesses .
Spain has lost on average 23 shops a day In the last four years, with a decrease of 4.2% of freelancers engaged in commerce, ATA reported in December 2019. The beginning of 2020 was also not the best. "With the sharp figures of sharpening since 2013", Spanish SMEs cannot advance or implement improvements in their businesses due to financial restrictions and lack of economic resources. According to the Observatory of Business Competitiveness, “The lack of resources is, without a doubt, the main barrier for Spanish companies not to innovate”, notes the UENI study. After the lack of economic resources (53%) and not have time for your personal life (40.23%), the stress among small entrepreneurs, freelancers and entrepreneurs is related to the fear of closing your business (26.82%) and the lack of financing (23.76%), in third and fourth place, respectively. They are followed by bureaucratic procedures (19.54%) and the political climate (8.55%). Not only business closures impact the economy. The "Disease of the 21st century" according to WHO, stress, also affects health costs. "Unusual fatigue, migraines, sleep disorders, low self-esteem, mood swings and metal wear are the pathologies that have been diagnosed in many entrepreneurs around the world," says the report.
Small businesses suffered in 2019 and agonize in 2020. According to ATA, the Special Scheme for Autonomous Workers (RETA) has lost, just in January, 17,969 self-employed workers. "The stress among the members of this sector is latent and significant," laments the study. The shops were the ones most affected by the fear of closing their business (41.18%). Finally the political climate, that although globally it was the option less chosen by the respondents, it does affect 8.55% of the microentrepreneurs who chose it as a trigger for their stress. The food and high consumption sector has been the most affected by this cause (17.65%). In this section, the small merchants of Andalusia, the Canary Islands and Catalonia are the most uneasy, compared to Murcia, Extremadura and Castilian-Leon, who show the least concern.