Room for rent in shared apartment with two more people "," Room available in the center. "The streets of the cities and pages webs Rental homes are full of these ads. Until now the usual thing was that these claims were made by young people and students who seek to live collectively to distribute the expenses. This reality has changed. Young or less young professionals and also retirees decide to rent rooms in their home to pay the mortgage, rent or earn extra money.
Rent a room in the house where you live
The room rental is not regulated by the Law of Urban Leases (in principle) but through a pact between the parties governed by the Civil Code.
When the owner lives in the house, it is usual to make a contract with the conditions agreed between the parties. In that document the lessor will agree with the lease the duration, the price and the extensions. further the right to use the common areas is implied of housing, such as the kitchen and bathroom (unless otherwise agreed).
The rest of the aspects that the contract must include are:
- The duration.
- The price and the payment method.
- The services that are included (right to use the landline, Internet …) and how the costs of electricity, water, if any, of the telephone will be distributed … or if they are included in the room price.
- The room to rent.
When a room is rented, the landlord You can set the price freely (although there are always market data that guide the one that is most convenient) and You must tell the Treasury what you get with that rental, "As a return on real estate capital," Alfil advises.
In order for the landlord to obtain tax benefits in the income statement it is necessary to include in the contract a clause in which it is indicated that housing is the usual tenant. If this requirement is met, the owner will have a 60% reduction in the amount resulting from subtracting expenses from income (community, IBI, waste where appropriate, interest on possible loans …); expenses that cannot be included in their totality (the owner also participates in those expenses), but the proportional part that can be attributed to the leased part. That is, if you enter 10,000 euros and have 1,000 euros of expenses, the net would be 9,000 euros, which would have to be taxed for that 40% (3,600 euros).
In the event that the contract indicates that it is temporary, for example by the school year to some students, you will not be entitled to these benefits.
These same conditions are maintained if the homeowner rents rooms to two or more people.
If I rent the whole house to several people
This option contemplates that a common contract can be made for all the tenants of the house, which would be regulated by the LAU and by its regulations, as if it were a common rental, of minimum one year duration and with subsequent subrogations up to five , after what a new contract would have to be made. In this type of contract there is a joint obligation between all if any breach the payment or if damage occurs.
In this case, the landlord is also entitled to tax benefits through the declaration of income, in the same way as if he only rents a room in his house. But in this case, all the expenses of the house can be computed.
It is also possible to agree a individual contract with each inhabitant of that house in which you do not reside. These documents will be governed by the Civil Code. They are not subject to temporality, the period of validity will be the one you pactes. There will be tax benefits if the contracts include that it is the tenant's habitual residence. In order for the landlord to benefit, it is the tenant who must agree that the contract states that it is his habitual residence, whatever the duration of that contract.
A tenant can also sublet a part of the rented home if the owner authorizes it. The LAU indicates that it is only legal to sub-rent a home if it is done partially, with the prior consent of the landlord. Here, there will also be an individual contract for greater security and where you realize the conditions.
Regardless of the route chosen, when a room is rented, it must be taken into account that the right to use the common areas is also “rented”: the kitchen, the bathroom… Therefore, another important point is to negotiate the payment of expenses that are generated in the house. "The usual thing is to pay the rent plus a fixed stipulated between the parties or apportion the expenses among the people who live in the house," says Delgado. If you are going to manage the cost-sharing payment, these apps you are interested.
Outside the law
Renting rooms apart from all of the above is illegal. There are several reasons why the owner may request the dissolution of the contract in case it has been rented:
- If the landlord does not know the rent and therefore there is no consent.
- If one of the sub-renters leaves and another person enters, without informing the tenant. It is mandatory to notify the landlord and make a new contract so that the newcomer knows the conditions, duration of the rental, price …
- If the house has tourist floor use without the corresponding permits.
Cities, prices and more
According to the study of the Fotocasa portal, the communities with the highest demand for rooms are Madrid, with 21% of total searches, followed by Andalusia (20%), Catalonia (15%), Valencian Community (9%) and Country Basque (3%). Madrid and Catalonia concentrate 36% of the total in Spain.
As for areas of preference, "the city center is still the strategic point of the rental," says Ignasi Giralt, general manager in Spain of Badi, housing rental platform.
Fotocasa's study also points out that Barcelona, Madrid and Palma de Mallorca are the most expensive cities to rent a room, with an average price of 491, 410 and 378 euros per month, respectively. Even so, compared to last year, in Barcelona and Madrid the price of the rooms has fallen 3.4% in the first and 4.2% in the capital.
By cities, Cáceres, with 159 euros per month, and Jaén, with 174 euros, are the cheapest.
By communities, Catalonia is the most expensive, with an average of 444 euros per month per room; followed by Madrid, with 386 euros per month; Balearic Islands, with 384 euros per month and the Basque Country, with 338 euros per month. Extremadura appears at the other end, with 171 euros per month; Castilla-La Mancha, with 197 per month; Galicia, with 212 per month and Castilla y León, with 219 per month.
Who rents rooms?
Until recently it was the students who used to share a flat. Now everything has changed and the difficulties in coping with the rental of a house is the main reason to share, according to Fotocasa in his report. “Around 80% of our audience is between 25 and 35 years old and they are not students, but young professionals,” says Giralt.
But, in addition, age segments that until recently were out of these statistics have entered fully, such as those over 55 and up to 75 years, which account for 9% of Spaniards who share or are looking for a house to share, the report adds .
The most popular tools for finding rooms are free applications (available in stores apps) Y webs specialized Badi, Shared apartment and Habitoom. Also in the real estate portals Fotocasa and Idealista. Its function is to put in contact to the one that looks for and to which it offers, to elaborate a profile so that tenants and subleases can choose the “partner” that more adapts to their preferences. Some even offer legal advice on contracts.
“We were born because of the growing demand and because we saw that the offer was zero. We also saw that it was a way to unlock the housing sector. Now we help keep prices and make the offer more flexible and open, ”says Badi manager Ignasi Giralt.
These platforms must meet a series of standards to be safe. “You have to be transparent, provide sufficient information to the user and ensure security in transactions. It is important to show the traceability of the entire process, ”says Giralt.
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