what every hunter should wear



On hunting days or country walks, hunters are exposed to the dangers of nature and should know how to react to accidents, as well as learn a series of tricks that will be very useful in their outings.

The hunters are happy entering the field, opening their lungs to pure air and immersing themselves in nature feeling part of it. However, being away from cities and medical centers makes the arrival of medical care in an emergency slower and more difficult.

Every hunter should carry a small first aid kit with sterile gauze, tweezers, scissors, bandages, etc. This small bag will barely occupy or weigh in the backpack and can save us many dislikes. Nor should we forget to carry the mobile phone to notify in case of an accident.

Wound action

Accidents as such can range from the slightest and most common and that we have probably ever suffered as are the small wounds to the most serious ones, such as those caused by a firearm. In less serious cases, either because we have cut ourselves with a knife, a can, having stuck an old nail or scraped off with a tree causing us to get abrasion on the skin, it will be enough to follow some simple guidelines. First, we must remove the clothing that covers the wound and make use of latex gloves, to prevent the spread of some disease, as well as contaminate the wound. We will clean the wound with gauze and drinking water removing excess blood and soil that it may have. The way to clean with the gauze is from the inside out in eccentric circles, starting from the center of the wound, these are growing; the gauze is turned over and done again to avoid infecting it. The procedure is repeated, two or three times more, iodine is applied to avoid infections and the wound is covered with a clean gauze. We should not apply any kind of home remedy because it can cause infections or allergies.

What do I do before a hemorrhage?

In the most serious cases we could be involved in serious bleeding. To inhibit bleeding, the precise location of the blood flow and the type of hemorrhage must be located and the area must be discovered. We will exert direct pressure on the bleeding for 5-10 minutes with a compress, if it is filled with blood, it should not be removed, but another compress should be placed on top to avoid undoing the clot that begins to form. In the event that this did not work for us, we will exert indirect pressure on an area between the wound and the heart, for example, if the bleeding is in one hand, it can be pressed at the location of the pulse in the wrist, this to avoid passage of blood to the wound that conditions the bleeding, thus preventing it from being lost. If this does not work out, we will raise the affected part above the level of the heart so that by gravity the bleeding decreases. In any case, we should always apply a moderate compression bandage. The tourniquet is contraindicated for most casess, only in amputations is this technique used. If the impaled object is in the eye, it is also recommended to bandage the other eye to prevent eye movement and further injury.

In case of embedded objects, this should not be removed because it can cause a greater injury in addition to causing a major hemorrhage, the object must be reduced as much as possible and immobilized in the place where it is located, indirect pressure is exerted and is transferred.

Gunshot wounds

In the event of a gunshot wound, we will act trying to stop the bleeding as we have said before, we will lay the victim on his back with his legs bent, placing a trunk or object under the knees and cover it with a blanket, while the Professional medical help We should not give anything to drink and if the wound is in a limb we will cover the wound and splint it.

Head injuries

We can also find ourselves before a wound in the skull because of a fall. Sometimes in these cases there is sinking of the bone and its edges are observed, there is fluid leakage, hemorrhage by ears and nose and the victim may manifest having double vision, presenting vomiting, tingling, numbness or paralysis of the face. We will try to lay the victim down and reassure her. We will clean the wound with gauze and clean water without using disinfectants and then cover the wound with gauze, or clean cloth, avoiding pressure on the wound, since there may be fracture with sinking of the bone. We must try to move the victim as little as possible, to avoid further injuries in case of a skull or neck fracture.

Fractures

Breaking a bone can cause a closed fracture if there is no skin wound, or open fracture when the bone goes outside causing skin damage, so there is a danger of infection. The crunch noticed by the patient will be accompanied by great pain, deformity in the area of ​​the fracture and inflammation. The main measure to consider is not mobilize the injured unless necessary. In the case of an open fracture, you should not try to introduce bone fragments that protrude from the skin. Nor will we medicate the patient since we can mask other symptoms. The first thing we will do is remove objects that can oppress the affected area (rings, bracelets, watches ...). If it is an open fracture, we will cover the wound with sterile or clean dressings before immobilizing. We will call emergencies. To immobilize a fracture we will always use rigid materials that we have on hand.

What do I do before a cardiorespiratory arrest?

First, the state of consciousness of the affected person must be assessed. If the person does not respond, that is, is unconscious, help should be sought immediately. Ideally, place it on the floor, lying on your back with your arms stretched along the body, loosen all the clothes that can oppress you and undress your chest. The airway must be opened.

It is necessary to perform a neck extension maneuver, tilting, as far as possible, the patient's head so that the tongue rises and leaves the air passage free. The maneuver, known as the front-chin maneuver, is performed by placing one hand on the victim's forehead and two fingers of the other hand on his chin, and then proceeding to practice a maximum neck extension by carefully pulling the head back .

Once the airway is open we must check if the patient breathes or not bringing our ear and our cheek to the mouth and nose of the injured to notice their breathing. At the same time, our gaze should go to the patient's chest to see if there are respiratory movements. Should not be used more than 10 seconds. If the patient does not breathe we will start CPR.

The first thing the resuscitator should do is give 30 chest compressions, through what is called a cardiac massage. Stand on your knees at the side of the victim, at shoulder height. The heel of the hand is placed in the center of the chest and the heel of the other hand over the first. Interlace the fingers and make sure not to apply pressure on the ribs, upper abdomen or final part of the sternum. It should be placed vertically on the victim's chest, and with straight arms, compress the sternum from four to five centimeters. After each compression, the pressure on the chest should be released without the hands stop contacting him and repeat the compressions at a rate of one hundred per minute. After starting cardiac massage, the resuscitator should combine the 30 compressions with two rescue vents. To do this, you have to open the airway again and pinch the nose with the index fingers and thumb of the hand placed on the patient's forehead, take a normal inspiration and firmly breathe the air into the victim's mouth for a second, checking that the chest rises. Remove the victim's mouth and, keeping the airway open, check that the chest descends as the insufflated air comes out.

CPR should be carried out continuously until qualified help arrives and take charge of the situation or the victim begins to breathe normally

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