The government announcement became a trend on social networks in just a few hours. East 8M the Council of Ministers gave the green light to the III Strategic Plan for Equality between Women and Men, with an associated investment forecast of 20,319 million euros. The amount has scandalized the right and the extreme right, which has attacked Minister Irene Montero and the Executive with thousands of comments on Twitter that ridicule feminist policies or compare the amount with other expenses to accuse the PSOE and United We Can of wanting impose the “feminist ideology”.
The Government quintuples the investment it plans to allocate to feminist policies until 2025
There are several right-wing leaders, including Santiago Abascal, or the mayor of Madrid, José Luis Martínez Almeida, who have criticized the plan, and it has even served Vox to call rallies against the government under the slogan "20,000 million of reasons to go out. The ball has gotten bigger and bigger and has reached the control session in Congress, where the deputy of Ciudadanos Guillermo Díaz has described the 20,000 million "precision saber" and has erroneously stated that it is an investment " in the Ministry of Irene Montero”.
But what is the Strategic Plan really and what does the 20,000 million correspond to?
The strategy is a compendium of policies with a gender impact and their associated investments that the Executive foresees for the period 2022-2025. Shaping these goals is an obligation contained in the Equality Act of 2007, which defines the plan as a “basic instrument” and mandates the Government to approve it “periodically”. The last one dates from 2014, when the Popular Party governed, and contemplated an investment of 3,126 million euros until 2016, five times less (in the annual average) than the one updated now.
Affects all ministries
What the Executive does with the plan is to establish what are the measures that contribute to confronting inequality between women and men collected in the General State Budgets (PGE) for 2022, and those that it plans to develop until 2025. It is a cross-cutting roadmap for the entire Government and includes feminist measures that are launched by all departments, such as the Interior or Health. The 20,319 million euros is the sum of the money invested in each of these public policies, an amount, quantifies Equality, with which Spain goes from allocating 0.10% of GDP to measures with an impact on equality to 0.4% .
Each ministry has put on the table the investments already entered in the 2022 PGE and the forecast that each one has for the coming years, and the Women's Institute of the Ministry of Equality has compiled them. For this reason, the plan includes measures that not only have to do with the department led by Montero and some that are already being implemented during this exercise.
The plan is structured around four axes: to which it devotes the most investment, specifically 18,461 million euros (90.9% of the total), is to policies related to the "economy for life and fair distribution of wealth"; “Good Governance, towards more inclusive ways of doing and deciding” has an allocation of 59 million euros (0.3%); “Towards the guarantee of lives free of sexist violence for women” (972 million, 4.8%); and a country with effective rights for all women (826 million, 4.1%).
Permits, nursery schools, dependency, sexist violence
The first axis incorporates the measures that have to do with equal access to employment, the fight against poverty or the distribution of care. One of the largest items is dedicated to benefits for parents by birth or adoption, which reaches 8,478 million euros. To this are added the benefits for risk during pregnancy, benefits for breastfeeding, care for sons and daughters with cancer or bonuses for hiring to promote employment, the amount of which amounts to 3,739 million.
There are also measures aimed at "prioritizing care" and preventing it from falling mostly on women. Thus, the "Actions to shield the right to care and socially fair reorganization of care and time", among which is the Co-Responsible Plan, corresponds to 801 million euros. The universalization of education for children from 0 to 3 years of age through the extension of public nursery schools or the reinforcement of the System for Autonomy and Dependency Care (SAAD) are also among the policies.
In the block of measures for the eradication of sexist violence is the development of instruments for the "detection, comprehensive care, protection and reparation" of the victims, as well as the implementation of what is known as Law of only yes is yes, which deploys a range of resources for victims of sexual violence, or the preparation of the Trafficking Law, or the design of alternatives for prostitute women and measures that discourage demand. Also the promotion of campaigns to increase citizen awareness or the design of instruments for the early detection of sexist violence in the health field.
In total there are 20 lines of work, 49 specific objectives and 141 operational objectives. They affect all areas and range from the reform of the Abortion Law and the development of affective-sexual education policies in the classroom to "promoting the equal participation of women in sports" or "strengthening and consolidating the Gender Observatory in culture”. The strengthening of "the training of all the staff of the institutions in matters of equality" or the "integration of the sex variable and the gender perspective in all statistics and studies" is also foreseen.
The lines of work that record the most budget, according to the economic report of the plan, are related to employment, to which 69.58% of the more than 20,000 million is dedicated, policies linked to care (14.07 %) and the fight against the feminization of poverty and precariousness (6.98%). The Ministries of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration, with 11,800 million euros, that is to say half of the investment, Labor and Social Economy (3,800) and Equality (1,930) are the departments that plan to allocate the most budget to measures with a gender impact .