The new crematoria that are built in the Comunitat Valenciana will have to be located in industrial land (preferably) and to a minimum of 200 meters of homes or vulnerable areas such as health centers, schools, parks or sports facilities.
This is, at least, what the Ministry of Health proposes in its new order on the operation of crematoria and that it updates the sanitary requirements that will be asked of these infrastructures, such as a report with toxin emission levels which will be updated annually.
Prohibition of incinerating morbidly obese
One of the most striking measures of the new regulations of the Ministry of Health is the express prohibition of incinerating people with morbid obesity. Sources of the Ministry of Health explained the reasons yesterday: the need to control the emission of toxic substances.
According to the official explanation, to incinerate a body of this volume "You need a very high amount of fuel", which entails a "considerable increase in pollution exceeding the permitted threshold". Hence, the incineration is vetoed for people with extreme overweight.
In addition, measures to minimize the emission of dioxins and other pollutant particles pass through avoid cremation of metallic elements (especially those made with lead or zinc) or those that contain resins or plastics. The old norm of 2005 (modified in 2009) already planned to remove, for example, the metal fittings of the coffins.
The new standard goes one step further and vetoes that the corpses that are going to be incinerated wear clothes or beads with metallic elements, «As well as resins or plastics». Nor should the clothing of the corpses contain elements that are "susceptible to forming organochlorine compounds" or that are toxic due to combustion, so it is proposed to use Shrouds of biodegradable materials»
In addition, the prohibition to incinerate corpses of people who had received radioactive oncological treatments.
The objective, as they justify, is to reduce the impact on health of this activity after confirming that crematoria can release pollutants such as dioxins or mercury by the very combustion of corpses and some plastics.
Aware that the technique of incineration at the end of life is "on the rise today" and the rejection and "social alarm" that the installation of crematoriums is generating "in the environment where it is intended to place", Health hardens the sanitary measures and the control of particles emitted but also legislates on where crematoria should or should not be located.
Period of allegations
Thus, the new order -in the period of allegations- also marks, for the first time, that those newly built can only rise to more than 200 meters from population centers or vulnerable spaces (schools, sports centers or seniors, parks …) and "preferably" on industrial classification soil although the city councils will continue to have the last word in authorizing the activity, as usual.
In fact, there are already much more restrictive local regulations on the location of these plants developed by some of the municipalities that have had to face the challenge of authorizing a crematorium and have had to deal with social rejection and with requests to remove maximum possible this activity. This is the case of the consistory of Alicante that modified its general plan to establish a radius of 500 meters from the population centers for this activity.
In principle and as clarified yesterday by the Ministry of Health, municipalities "can develop, in line with regulations, those ordinances they deem necessary" so, in principle, the local rules that are more restrictive will prevail over it.