For the first time in more than 30 years, a community It will not exclude people who have HIV from tests to access the regional police. The decree 180/2018, of October 5, of the Valencian Government (PSOE, Compromís and Podemos) establishes that they will be excluded of the tests to happen of interim to have place in the municipal police those people who have "systemic immunological illnesses not asymptomatic that make impossible the performance of the job ". This wording, given the return, means that those who have a systemic immune disease (in this case, HIV infection) will be admitted if they are asymptomatic, explains Julio Gómez, president of the NGO Coordinator Trabajando en Positivo, which is dedicated, precisely , to combat labor discrimination of people with HIV.
Both the police and the Army and the Civil Guard are the professions of the public function that have list of exceptions to admit people with certain pathologies. In the case of HIV, it was initially based on the risk that a carrier agent would infect another person in the course of their tasks. Then, when he was not in a position to carry out his work. But current high-efficacy treatments have the consequence that most infected people can not transmit the infection, and that many of them do not have complications.
They are not the only ones affected by diseases that have changed their situation. Previous calls also excluded those affected by diabetes, who no longer appear in this decree.
Gómez points out that her organization, especially at the regional level, the Valencia Anti-AIDS Committee and the Valencian Coordinator CALCSICOVA, have been working since 2016 to convince the authorities that the current situation of HIV knowledge did not justify this limitation. To this end, a recommendation in this regard of the National Plan on AIDS of the Ministry of Health was fundamental, which, reviewing the conditions of admission of the security forces and bodies, concluded that "in the workplace, the serological status of the people with HIV would not be a cause of exclusion, since currently in Spain, more than 90% of people with HIV are receiving treatment and, of these, more than 90% have undetectable viral load, only those people who do not comply or do not respond to the antiretroviral treatment, or that they present certain comorbidities, they can present a loss of functionality and an inability to work as a result of their clinical condition ".
In addition, as noted by the regional NGOs in a note, in this case has been essential support from various instances of the regional government, which "have supported through reports the improvement of physical capacity and health status of people with HIV thanks to the pharmacological advances of the last years, as well as the absence of risk of transmission to third persons due to the performance of the functions inherent to these Bodies, since universal precaution measures would be sufficient ".
In truth, this decree in particular is going to have little practical effect. The NGOs and Health know cases of people with HIV in the different security bodies, but if the exclusion has not been applied, it is because "they have not said it," explains Gómez. In fact, in a survey on the employment situation of people with HIV made by the Ministry of Health in 2017, the military, police and civil guards participated (these bodies do not test for HIV in their medical examinations, as endorsed by the report of the National Plan on AIDS about them). In Spain there are some 150,000 people with HIV, a fact that can not be further refined because it is estimated that around 13% do not know.
In Valencia this first exception is going to be applied to interim police officers who are going to consolidate a place, so there will be few applicants. But for the organizations that have promoted it, it has the merit of breaking the existing blockade, and they trust that the other communities and the Central Administration follow their example.