The Attorney General of Guatemala and head of the Public Prosecutor's Office, María Consuelo Porras, agreed on Tuesday with the United States to create a tax unit aimed at investigating and prosecuting criminal structures dedicated to human trafficking.
The United States Ambassador to Guatemala, Luis Arreaga, accompanied the Attorney General in the presentation of the project offering assistance for the establishment of said Unit.
Human trafficking is a phenomenon that has generated criminal structures up to 25 million dollars and is a scourge, as explained by the Public Ministry, "which treats the most vulnerable people as merchandise risking their lives and in many cases exploiting them labor or sexually. "
The presentation of this initiative was also attended by members of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and by the Public Prosecutor's Office, attended by various officials, such as Secretary General Rony Eulalio López Contreras; the secretary of International Affairs and Cooperation, Ángel Pineda Ávila, or the prosecutor of the Prosecutor's Office against Trafficking in Persons, Alexander Colop.
For its part, the US embassy issued a message through its social networks in which congratulated the Prosecutor of Guatemala for the decision to create this unit, an "effort that helps to stop illegal migration."
"The investigation and prosecution of the illicit trafficking in persons diminishes illegal migration and contributes to the security, governance and prosperity of all Guatemalans," said the diplomatic headquarters, adding that this plan will also help to fight the coyotes.
The report of the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman of 2017 in Guatemala indicated that the crime of trafficking in persons has had a similar recurrence with figures of more than 500 cases per year in Guatemala.
This scourge is closely related "to the existence of permissive social institutions and a patriarchal system that fosters relations of inequality, domination, exclusion and exploitation."
The majority of the victims in the country are women of all ages, especially in sexual exploitation and forced labor, and in the case of men, they are related to labor exploitation and begging.
On April 9, 2009 the Law against Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Trafficking in Persons came into force (the VET Law), which considers the victim as a subject of rights, protecting her from the restitution of her freedom, attention, protection and processes , giving priority to the attention of the victims.