Any athlete from anywhere in the world who takes the podium in any international competition in which Americans compete and tests positive for doping control can be sentenced to five years in prison in the United States.
The US criminal justice system will be able to organize rogatory commissions and extradition requests to enforce the law, despite the fact that in a few countries doping is considered a crime and even less is a criminal prosecution of an athlete just for doping.
That decrees the so-called Law Rodchenkov against doping, which has been presented in the Senate after having passed through Congress in July. When President Donald Trump stamps his signature on it, the United States will have in its possession the weapon that will allow it to act as the universal gendarme in the fight against doping, a role that, say the Republican senators and congressmen and Democrats who promoted the law, they have no choice but to interpret given the defection of the World Anti-Doping Agency (AMA).
This threat will not be felt by North American athletes competing in international competitions, nor by leagues and other national amateur and professional competitions in the United States.
The law is called Rodchenkov in honor of Grigory Rodchenkov, the director of the anti-doping laboratory of the Sochi Games and organizer of the exchange of urine bottles to avoid positive Russian sportsmen.
Months later, Rodchenkov fled to the United States, where he revealed all the secrets of the traps of Vladimir Putin's athletes. In his honor, too, and to protect all those who break the law of sport silence, Trump's law also provides that they can benefit from witness protection programs similar to those in force in organized crime.
Rodchenkov's information gave rise to the sanctions of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the AMA against Russian athletes. Last September, however, the IOC and AMA lifted the sanctions, and the IOC agreed to this, which outraged the United States.
"To remain a 'city on a hill' [parábola del Evangelio que significa ser la luz del mundo, un lugar que no puede esconderse de la vista de todos], The United States must make all the corrupt and all the wrongdoers accountable to us whenever we can, "said the Democratic senator from Rhode Island, Sheldon Whitehouse, when introducing the law in the Senate. "This means impepinably confronting Russia and its use of corruption as a weapon of international politics." The other senator who introduced her, the Republican from Utah, Orrin Hatch, added: "The anti-doping laws have been broken with impunity for a long time. This law was necessary for a long time to protect athletes who have been scammed and deprived of prizes by doping networks many times state. "
Both politicians participated in the hearing on the dangers of doping of the European Commission of Security and Cooperation (CSCE), known as Helsinki Commission, in which he declared, hooded to preserve the anonymity of his new physical appearance, Rodchenkov himself.
"The law seems excellent in several points," says Alberto Yelmo, a Spanish lawyer who collaborated with USADA, the US anti-doping agency. "It does not have as its sole objective to imprison doped athletes from all over the world, but to effectively pursue corruption and fraud schemes based on doping, to which private organizations such as the AMA and international federations have not been able to respond effectively. It is a clear response to the manipulation of the Olympic sports system by Russia and therefore the behaviors that are pursued are those that attempt and defraud the clean athletes in Olympic, international and continental competitions ".
When it lifted sanctions against Russia in September, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) set a condition for the Russians to allow them to examine the computer system of their laboratory in Moscow, where hundreds of positive samples were allegedly stolen. And on March 17, a verification commission of the AMA presided by the Spanish Toni Pascual, who returned from Moscow with empty hands, went to Moscow on December 17. The commission entered the laboratory but when it was going to suck all the data from its management system, an official denied access, claiming that its computer equipment had to be certified by Russian law.