The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies today approved the Comprehensive Law for Trans Persons, a regulation that establishes measures to combat discrimination and advance the guarantee of rights such as access to work, housing and surgical interventions and which will now be promulgated by the Government.
After receiving the endorsement of the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies today gave the green light to the law, with 66 votes out of 88, not only of the representatives of the Frente Amplio government coalition (FA, left), but also of the opposition.
The norm, which must now be promulgated by the Executive Power, was discussed in an extraordinary session that began on Thursday afternoon and lasted about 10 hours, culminating at dawn on Friday, after the intervention of about 40 parliamentarians, who They presented their arguments in favor and against.
The MP Manuela Mutti, of the FA, told Efe that the approval of the law makes Uruguay advance not only "in rights, in democracy" but also "in the possibilities of really having a more participatory and more just society and that, above all , point to your weakest step. "
"Although we all have rights since we are born (…), then one knows the real country, the legal country, (realizes that) there is still a long way to go and if we need to legislate more punctually in certain situations. population (…) has rights permanently violated and should not be so. (And that happens) because of their gender and recognize themselves as such, "he said.
The law establishes facilities for the change of name of trans people in the Civil Registry and forces the Legislative, Executive and Judicial powers, departmental governments, autonomous entities and other public offices to allocate, per year, 1% of their jobs to that population.
In addition, the National Institute of Employment and Vocational Training must determine a quota "not less than 1%" of its training programs for transgender people.
One of the articles, which aroused controversy in public opinion and among lawmakers, is that states that children under 18 do not need authorization from their parents to change their name or receive hormonal treatment.
"Persons under 18 years of age must attend the registration request for name and sex accompanied by their legal representatives, or accrediting their knowledge of the completion of the procedure, and, in any case, providing their express consent at the same ", the regulation emphasizes.
If the authorization is not obtained, the minor may resort to the provisions of article 110 of the Civil Code and 404 of the General Code of the Process where the "best interests of the minor" must be taken into account.
Another article that was very criticized is that which dictates that transgender people, born before December 31, 1975, who prove to have been victims of institutional violence or deprived of their liberty as a consequence of the security forces, have the right to a redress economic