Unemployment was reduced by 26,329 (-0.69%) people in the month of September, up to a total of 3,776,485 unemployed according to the data registered in the State Public Employment Service (SEPE). Despite this improvement in the labor market and in a traditionally bad month for employment, these figures are still far from the levels of February, when unemployment affected 3,246,047 people and also added almost 700,000 more unemployed than in September of last year.
By economic areas, unemployment fell especially in the service sector (13,367 less), in agriculture (-9,503), industry (8-.095) and in construction (-7,682). By cons. it rose by 12,318 among people who had no previous job.
On the other hand, the average number of affiliated with Social Security rose by 84,013 people in September and stood at a total of 18,876,389 people, still without recovering the occupation levels of before the pandemic (19,250,000 affiliates last February) and with still 447,062 fewer contributors than in the same month of 2019.
To these figures should be added that of 728,909 people who are still included in a Temporary Employment Regulation File (ERTE), despite the fact that they represent 83,529 people less than a month before. From the Ministry of Social Security they emphasize that three out of four people included in ERTE during the pandemic have come out of this situation. The Government statement highlights that it is the biggest rise this month since there are records, but it should be remembered that job losses during the pandemic months reached a total of 1.5 million, which is based on very low thresholds.
The sector that added the most on the affiliation side was education (7.15%), driven by the start of the school year and the reopening of colleges and universities. They were followed by the special agrarian system (5.14%), administrative activities and auxiliary services (3.15%). On the contrary, the most pronounced decrease corresponded to the activities of homes (-6.55%), hospitality (-3.80%) and artistic activities (-2.72%).
Regarding the self-employed, September left 3,263,553 middle affiliates, after an increase in the month of 392.
By autonomous communities, Castilla-La Mancha, La Rioja and Madrid were the ones that added the most affiliates this month. At the other extreme were the Balearic Islands (2.58%) and Cantabria (1.58%).