The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), the most important in the country, today commemorated the victims of the student repression of 1968 with the inauguration of a digital archive and a memorial to the people who died in the Tlatelolco massacre. 50 years.
The University Cultural Center of Tlatelolco, located on the site of the massacre, has an open access file with 100,000 digitized objects, such as documents, photographs, manuscripts and interviews, on the movement of 1968.
The platform "M68 Citizens in Motion" has also produced an unpublished census of wounded, detained, disappeared and deceased during the student movement that aims to shed light on the opacity of information that existed in 1968.
During the summer of that year, thousands of students organized strikes and mass demonstrations to denounce the authoritarianism of the Mexican government, dominated by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which repressed the mobilization to avoid altercations during the Olympic Games.
The movement was crushed militarily on October 2, 1968, when the army and the paramilitary group Battalion Olimpia shot down a student rally in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, a downtown district of Mexico City.
"Never before as today had been so necessary to recover the spirit of 68, which was anti-authoritarian, democratic and inclusive," claimed the writer and professor Jorge Volpi after the presentation of the digital platform.
Volpi lamented that the Mexico of 2018 is "infinitely more violent and unjust" than that of 1968, given that it has broken a historical record of murders and the image of soldiers patrolling the streets is "the usual landscape of much of our country", He said.
The event was attended by survivors of the massacre, as well as the rector of UNAM, Enrique Graue, and the head of government of Mexico City, José Ramón Amieva, who signed a decree declaring Tlatelolco as "intangible cultural heritage" of the Mexican capital .
Previously, in the Cultural Center of Tlatelolco was inaugurated the Monument to the absence, by the Israeli artist Yael Bartana, which reproduces the footprints of the 400 people killed in the massacre, according to figures offered by witnesses.
"There is no forgiveness and we do not forget, we do not want money, nor apologies nor monuments, we want justice," exclaimed Severiano Sanchez, survivor of that fateful afternoon in Tlatelolco.
During his speech, he denounced the "barbaric authoritarianism" of the Mexican government before the student movement, and recalled that the students "did not hide or paralyze us" despite everything.
In addition, he celebrated that the current student movements continue to be inspired by the 68 as one of its referents, while the other survivors who attended the ceremony chanted: "October two, do not forget."
During this day, the Government of Mexico City removed plaques from six metro stations dedicated to the late Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, who was president of Mexico between 1964 and 1970, and who assumed responsibility for student repression.
In addition, Committee 68, which groups survivors of the massacre and student leaders of the movement, demanded today that an investigation be opened against former Mexican president Luis Echeverría, 96, who in 1968 served as secretary of the Interior and was responsible for security. inside.