The explosions registered in the last hours in the Ubinas volcano have left more than 1,300 affected in the south of Peru, which has led the president, Martin Vizcarra, to announce this Friday the declaration of emergency in several districts of three regions.
Vizcarra overflew the areas surrounding the volcano, located in the Moquegua region, to inspect the emission of ashes over the villages and grazing fields.
The president explained that "the declaration of emergency goes out for 60 days and immediately, the municipalities and regional governments will be able to act, but we, as the central government, are also working with the various ministries."
With this measure, the affected districts in the regions of Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna will be able to have their budget to pay attention, buy tools and protection material, as well as food for the population.
Vizcarra reported that he has coordinated the shipment of drinking water and food for the population and their livestock, because the natural pastures of the area are now covered with volcanic ash.
Civil Defense said there are 1,345 people affected by the volcanic activity of Ubinas in Moquegua, Arequipa and Tacna, as well as 18 schools and five health centers.
Also, the Geophysical Institute of Peru (IGP) reported that there were three volcanic explosions with magnitudes of 5.8, 5.3 and 4.1 in the Ubinas that have released ash and gases to the east and southeast of the volcano.
The increase in the intensity of the activity of the volcano, the most active in the country, occurred after several days in which the authorities detected fumaroles and gas emissions in the crater of the mountain, located more than 5,300 meters above sea level.
"Currently, explosions and an increase in seismic activity have been recorded that would be related to intense ash emissions that affect villages in the Ubinas valley, therefore, authorities are recommended to raise the level of volcanic alert from yellow to orange," he said. the IGP in a statement.
The ash emitted by the volcano, which began emitting gases on July 17 and whose height is already over five kilometers above the crater, has already begun to affect villages in the Ubinas valley and reaches a dispersion of up to 40 kilometers.
In addition, according to the report, "the events associated with processes of rock breakage inside the volcano remain high, at a rate of 140 earthquakes per day."
"The increase in volcanic activity is expected in the following days, with the development of explosions and ash emissions of greater height and volume," the report adds.
The orange alert level requested by the IGP is given when the volcanic columns of a volcano exceed one kilometer in height, there is presence of rocks ejected from the crater and greater presence of ash.
Peru is located in the so-called "Pacific Fire Belt", an area with a high incidence of earthquakes and volcanic activity.
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