The only women in the Cabinet who the president-elect of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, will swear on January 1 will command the portfolios of Agriculture and Human Rights, from where they are already expected to seek benefits for agribusiness and setbacks in issues such as abortion and gender identity .
Tereza Cristina da Costa Dias and Damares Alves will arrive, each one to its new branch, with controversial positions, in accordance with the proposals promoted by the far-right Bolsonaro and that go against the policies promoted by the exmandatarios Luiz Inácio Lula for more than a decade da Silva and Dilma Rousseff, who ruled Brazil under the banner of the leftist Workers' Party (PT).
Da Costa Dias arrives from coordinating the bosses' caucus in Congress – the largest parliamentary front – and is a friend of agrotoxics and large-scale agricultural production, a model that can affect the ecological balance in Brazil and has led to a historic of conflicts over territorial disputes with small farmers and indigenous people.
Alves comes from advising an evangelical parliamentary front, is a pastor of that cult and, although it promotes civil rights, it opposes abortion and gender identity.
Both were received with reservations by environmentalist and feminist groups, and by human rights organizations that see a grim outlook under their control.
Da Costa Dias knows the sector closely not only because she is an agronomist but because she comes from a family with a tradition in the area and whose business she also headed in the past as an entrepreneur.
That is why it wants to boost the sector and give priority to its expansion to generate greater productivity, guidelines that can bring irreversible environmental damage and threaten the existence and cultural identity of ethnic minorities.
Defender to the core of the agribusiness – sector that accounts for 20% of the economy of the South American giant – Da Costa Dias will not shake his hand to help make the use of agrotoxins more flexible, which, according to her, are remedies for plants that used in safe doses, cure, and in the wrong ones, they kill.
Beyond their convictions, the truth is that the projects and policies that the Ministry promotes for these issues will be in the sound of non-governmental organizations that are opposed to them as a direct attack on the fundamental rights of ethnic minorities and the environment. ambient.
These organizations, which will be the stone in the shoe of the portfolio of Agriculture, will have to knock on the door of the Ministry of Human Rights, commanded by his colleague, the evangelist pastor, in the search for answers and actions that put an end to their fears .
The Human Rights portfolio, which will have issues related to women and families under its mantle, will also house the National Indian Foundation (Funai), an entity that regulates everything related to ethnic groups, populations that may be among the most affected. for the expansion that agribusiness looks for.
While minorities are important to Alves, not only for personal interests – she is the adoptive mother of an indigenous woman – her conservative precepts about the role of women in society and gender identity set off the alerts.
The future minister considers that women "were born to be mothers" and that, in an ideal model of society, they should be able to stay at home and be supported by their husbands.
As an evangelist she is against the decriminalization of abortion and, although she says she defends and respects the civil rights of any person – "conquered rights are no longer discussed," she said – she does not share the union between homosexuals nor does it agree with the concept of identity of gender, which he considers "a theory without foundation and without any scientific evidence".
However, the day of the announcement of her name as minister, Alves said that she will give priority attention to the defense of women's rights and that she will take special care with children, an issue that she has worked on since its inception.
The trans population and transvestites who work in the streets, are also part of the priorities of this lawyer who considers that the dialogue with them "is essential" to know if they are on the streets by choice or obligation to be discriminated against because of their condition .
United under the conservative banner that will govern Brazil with Bolsonaro, the future ministers of Agriculture and Human Rights will be the female quota of a cabinet of 22 portfolios made up of 90% of men, mostly of military training and tradition.
María Angélica Troncoso