Almost two out of five indefinite contracts signed in November (37.16%) came from a temporary contract, a figure that exceeds by more than one point the rate registered in the same month last year, according to the latest updated data of the Public State Employment Service (SEPE).
Specifically, of the 197,573 indefinite contracts registered in November, they were created from a temporary one, with a greater signing of this type of contracting among men than among women (40,599 versus 32,824).
Of the total of 1,867,172 contracts signed in November, 89.42% (1,669,559) were temporary and only 10.58% undefined (197,573), although year-on-year growth is much more pronounced for permanent contracts, with an increase of 15.72%, than for the temporary one, in which the increase is 1.33%.
This advance in the evolution of permanent contracts is also reflected in the modality of the day since 116,489 full-time contracts were made (59% of the total number of permanent contracts), compared to 61,906 part-time contracts (31.3%) and 19,178 discontinuous fixed (9.7%).
By sectors of activity, the greatest weight of the total contracting was placed in the service sector, with a total of 1,299,639 signatures, which represented almost 70% of the contracts for the month of November, being also the sector with the highest incidence of the indefinite hiring, with almost 80% of the total.
The services sector was followed by contracts in agriculture (277,378), industry (184,022) and construction (106,133).
By age, workers between 25 and 29 years of age constituted the group with the most contracts, both indefinite (34,465) and temporary (265,003), although the group of workers between 16 and 30 years of age subscribed to 35% of the total contracts in the month of November.
According to the registry of the SEPE, in the month of November were the smallest companies, of up to 25 workers, the most contracts made, with a total of 860,215 contracts, divided into 112,763 undefined and 747,452 temporary, which together represent the 46 % of all contracts signed in November.
Regarding the level of education, 20% of the contracts signed by graduates in the second or third university cycle -graduates, masters or doctors- were indefinite, a percentage that almost quadruples that of employees without studies, a collective for which only 5.7% of the contracts are fixed.
However, the number of hiring among workers without studies was higher than among graduates in the second or third university cycle (135,161 compared to 111,451).
The unions have argued that most of this increase in indefinite hiring is due to the conversions of temporary contracts, a matter that from CCOO attributed to the actions of the Master Plan for Decent Work agreed with the social partners.
The Minister of Labor, Migration and Social Security, Magdalena Valerio, said last November that the actions of this plan have led to the conversion of 52,000 fraudulent temporary jobs since its start-up since August.
In addition, Valerio explained that 81,000 letters have been sent to companies that have detected irregularities in the working conditions of 131,000 employees, which has allowed to regularize 64.5% of fraudulent situations.