The US president, Donald Trump, returned today to shake the specter of electoral fraud that he used so much during his campaign in 2016, warning that undocumented immigrants in the country could try to "vote illegally" in the legislative elections, without providing evidence .
On the eve of the elections that will decide the control of the Congress, Trump affirmed that the US security agencies. "They have received orders to look carefully at any ILLEGAL VOTE that could take place in Tuesday's elections (or early voting)."
"Anyone we detect (by voting illegally) will be subject to the maximum criminal penalties allowed by law, thank you!" Added the president on his official Twitter account.
Asked later about whether he had evidence of a plan to promote illegal voting in the legislatures, Trump responded that "all you have to do is look at what has happened over the years."
"There are many people, in my opinion and based on evidence, who try to enter illegally (into the country) and who actually vote illegally," he told reporters before taking off for Ohio to give a rally.
Trump returned to focus on the undocumented, which has become protagonists of his electoral discourse, presenting them as criminals and inciting fear in relation to the caravan of Central American immigrants who are heading to the country.
The president also rescued one of the issues he insisted most during his election campaign in 2016, when he warned that an alleged fraud at the polls could tip the outcome against him.
Although he won the election, Trump seemed annoyed that his rival, Democrat Hillary Clinton, imposed himself in terms of popular suffrage; and denounced that in the elections they had voted from 3 to 5 million undocumented, without providing any evidence.
Shortly after arriving at the White House, in May of 2017, Trump created an Electoral Fraud Commission to investigate his own allegations, led by Vice President Mike Pence.
That commission was dissolved in January of this year, after denouncing that many "mostly Democratic" states had refused to provide information for the investigation, and one of the group's members, Michael Dunlap, assured that they had not found any proof of fraud.
The documented cases of electoral fraud in the United States. they are so few that it is "more likely that a person will be struck by lightning than being impeached by another voter at the polls," the independent Brennan Center for Justice at the University of New York said last year.
An investigation by The Washington Post found just four documented cases of fraud by voters in the 2016 election, all committed by Americans who either voted twice or tried to vote on behalf of other people.
The Trump alert coincided with the announcement by the Justice Department that it has put in place a series of devices to preserve the right to vote, especially that of minorities, and to avoid fraud in the legislative elections.
Within these measures, the Government will enable several telephone numbers to receive complaints from voters related to violations of the electoral law; Claims that may also be made through fax, by email and through the website of the Department of Justice.
According to a survey published today by Gallup, seven out of ten Americans trust "a lot" (28%) or "in a certain way" (42%) that the votes will be cast and counted accurately; some data similar to previous elections, except those of 2008.
And even though Trump's warnings apparently refer to fraud in favor of the Democrats, it is that party that has been harmed by errors in early voting machines in two key states, Texas and Georgia, according to Politico newspaper.
Voters and civil organizations in both states have complained that the touch-screen machines erased some votes in favor of Democratic candidates or changed them to benefit Republican candidates, the newspaper reported today.