The Minister of Finance,María Jesús Montero, has indicated this Thursday thatthe Government studies to establish an "adequate" fiscal treatment for the collaborative economy, fundamentally for platforms of housing or transport sectors, among which arecompanies like Airbnb, Uber or Cabify.
"There are platforms dedicated to this service that generate billions and do not pay adequately, because current taxation does not recognize this type of activity and they enter intounfair competition with traditional sectors", said Montero during his appearance before the Senate Finance Committee to explain the general lines and objectives of his Ministry.
Montero has warned that the Executive is not going to "leave political responsibilities" because some formations "are determined to overthrow the Government", but seeks pacts with those who are willing to make "concessions" from a "responsible" way.
Therefore, it works on the 2019 budgets to be "more social, egalitarian and redistributive", for which it will have 125,000 million euros, an amount that will allow thedevelopment of policies in favor of a "fairer" economic recovery, since it has not yet reached "many homes".
In this regard, has argued that the amendment of the Budget Stability Law to eliminate the veto of the Upper House deficit does not constitute a "disparagement" or a "lack of attention", but it is a regulatory dysfunction, so that the Executive will continue with its "legitimate and democratic interest" so that the proposal of law that would veto this veto and establish the deficit path of the socialist government, which entails an additional margin of 6,000 million euros, will come to light.
"SMEs pay more than big companies"
Regarding taxation, he has once again defended that "they pay more for what they have more and that they receive more what they need most in terms of health, education or rent subsidies", for which he has advocated a "redefinition of the taxation "that, he has assured," will not affect in any way neither the middle class nor the working class. "
According to Montero, the new taxation is designed in the form of "revitalization of public services"and to reduce the" enormous "social inequalities, although it still can not be considered definitive" none of the aspects that make up the PGE ", Montero has detailed themain tax changeswhich will include the new public accounts.
Specifically, he said that the income tax will be raised to higher incomes "140,000 or 150,000 euros", ie those who earn more than 10,000 euros per month. Thus, he recalled that the most frequent salary in Spain is 16,497 gross euros per year, below 1,000 euros per month.
In addition, aminimum cash rate of 15% in Corporate Tax for large corporations, so that "they can not avail themselves of the high number of bonuses and exemptions" that cause large companies to tax at a lower rate.
In this sense, it has indicated that the last collection bulletin reflects that large corporations tax at a lower effective rate than small companies, since companies that invoice less than 8 million euros pay more than those that are above that level.
In fact, he has assured that currentlyis collected by Societies less than in 2007, despite the fact that the volume of business is equal to or greater than that of that year.
Rise of diesel and lowering of VAT on feminine hygiene products
At European level, he criticized the "delay" in a common taxation and the single European space for "comparable" tax figures, although he appreciated that the European Commission works "intensely" with proposals such as digital companies declare and tax its benefits where your business reaches a certain volume.
Montero also detailed that they are exploring "different options" on the financial transaction tax, which will be "in line with Europe", and an "adequate fiscal treatment" for collaborative economy platforms is being studied.
Likewise, a"deep" review of green taxationto combat the damage of climate change in health, a package of measures in which the Ministry of Ecological Transition works within the framework of a new law.
In this context,the tax differential between gasoline and diesel will be reduced, increasing the diesel tax, without affecting carriers or self-employed workers, while reducing the VAT on women's personal hygiene products from the current 10% to the super reduced rate of 4%, since current taxation is "discriminatory".
List of defaulters and anti-fraud law
The finance minister, who has ensured that the new fiscal model is aimed at "shielding" the welfare state, has also explained that the current "complex" fiscal architecture will be simplified to "put a carpet" for tax inspectors where bags of fraud are detected.
The Government will approve aPrevention and fight against fraud lawto put "light and stenographer" to complex corporate schemes and help the Tax Agency have the necessary tools.
At the same time,will publish the list of defaulters with the Treasuryincluding solidarity and collaborators, so that "it is known who is behind companies that do not comply with fiscal obligations", something that can even be "dissuasive".
The minister has justified all these tax changes with the fact that Spain has a difference of 8 points of GDP in tax collection with neighboring countries, so it believes that there is "room" to approach without entailing an "added burden" for citizens.
"We must aspire to a tax that exceeds the income difference, and be at the best levels of the development of welfare state," he stressed.