"A non-aseptic chronicle, but a complete one." This is how the magistrate of the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia Miguel Pasquau has defined the book 'El Juicio', in which Iñigo Sáenz de Ugarte (Vitoria, 1963) compiles the chronicles that he published in the eldiario.es during the celebration of the hearing oral on the events that occurred around 1-O. In the work, edited by Roca Editorial and presented on Tuesday in Madrid, the author adds to these chronicles an extra content in which he gives context to what happened in the plenary hall of the Supreme Court during the 52 days of the trial.
In the conversation they have had during the act, both have analyzed some of the peculiarities of the trial and have stopped at what, in the opinion of Pasquau was the "fundamental problem" of sight: to name the facts. That is, frame them within one another criminal type.
The court finally sentenced to nine to 13 years in jail to the independentistas leaders by crimes of sedition and embezzlement and discarded the crime of rebellion by which the Prosecutor accused, when denying that the violent episodes were sufficient to reach the independence of Catalonia. The proof of this, says the sentence, is that only the announcement of the application of article 155 of the Constitution "aborted the conspiracy."
Pasquau has described the facts prosecuted as politically and constitutionally "very serious" because it is an "institutional uprising of the authorities", but "not so serious" from a criminal point of view. And he has assured that a sentence for a crime of sedition would have been "less disproportionate" but reduced by one or two degrees so that prison sentences would not have been so high. "That way the sentence would be less exposed to the Strasbourg Court giving us an institutional disgust," he said.
Sáenz de Ugarte, for his part, has stressed that the crime of sedition was the "most viable" exit the Supreme found to condemn the leaders of the process and not give a political victory to the supporters of independence. In this regard, he explained that the assessment of the events that occurred around 1-O as a crime of sedition and the justification of that conviction with the basic argument of preventing agents from fulfilling the orders of the courts "raises political doubts about the right to political dissent in a democratic society. "
The most relevant characters
Both have also reviewed the characters that were most relevant during oral vision. Among them, the best of the Mossos d'Esquadra Josep Lluís Trapero. Sáenz de Ugarte has described him as the "star witness" of the hearing and recalled that during his statement "it harmed both the Prosecutor's Office and the defenses. "When he said that he and the entire leadership of the regional police warned Oriol Junqueras that he" did not go that way. "And the independentistas when he said he had warned Carles Puigdemont that there were going to be violent incidents during the 1-O voting day.
Pasquau has highlighted the performance during the hearing of Javier Melero, the lawyer of the ex-seller Quim Form, of which he has praised the "cinematic quality" of his interrogations. Also that of Marina Roig, lawyer of Jordi Cuixart, of which she has said that she was "technical" although sometimes she did show that she was facing a "state operation". Or that of the State attorney Rosa María Seoane, whom she has defined as "effective" and which she has raised as "the only one who won the trial," because the court endorsed the thesis on the crime of sedition.
'El Juicio', which is already in its second edition, allows us to relive every day of the judicial event that will mark the relationship between Catalonia and Spain. Pasquau has valued the fact that The book focuses precisely on the oral view, as usually the information focus is on the instructional phase or the sentence. "In addition, it is curious that it is a work of which the reader does know the outcome, but the author while writing it does not," he said.
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