In the absence of structural measures (and the installation of thousands of expected megawatts of renewables to generate electricity) the fight against greenhouse gas emissions in Spain Follow the clock of time. Since almost nothing of renewable energy has been installed since 2012, emissions depend on rainfall. If it rains a year, the emissions decrease because more electricity is produced with the reservoirs (and less coal is burned and less natural gas is burned); If the year is dry, emissions grow when less hydroelectric energy is used and more fossil fuels.
2018 was a wet year. And emissions fell 4.3% over the previous year, according to the data presented Monday by CC OO. And as he recalled in his presentation Mariano Sanz, Secretary of Environment and Mobility of CC OO, The large decrease in global emissions in 2018 is due to the increase in hydraulic production (an increase of 84.8%) and the considerable reduction in the use of coal (17.8% drop) and natural gas (21.5%). %).
Meanwhile, the other major issuing sector increased again: transport (which accounts for a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions in Spain). In 2018, according to CC OO, the consumption of oil grew in Spain by 3%. And this leads to the sector of road transport emissions increased by 2.5% in 2018 and 4.7% in domestic air transport. In 2017, the growth of road transport emissions increased the same. And it is the sector in which it seems more complicated to reduce greenhouse gases.
If the forecasts are met, by 2020 nine of the 15 coal plants in Spain will close due to the application of European directives on air quality. At the same time, 8,000 megawatts will be installed this year this year. If you look at the longer term, the energy and climate plan prepared by the current Government, whose approval will be in the hands of the next Executive, foresees that by 2030 the emissions of the electric sector will fall 70%. This will be due to the increase of the photovoltaic and wind production installation (whose costs have collapsed) and the total closure of the coal plants.
In transport, however, things are not so clear. The previous Executive of the PP sent in 2015 some projections of the emissions of Spain in 2030 if measures were not taken to the already existing ones. And that forecast established that transportation would increase its emissions by 14.5% in 2030 compared to 2015. The Government's energy and climate plan points, however, to a reduction of 31% in 2030 compared to 2015 (a 34% if 2017 is taken as reference).
The veto in 2040
It is a reduction of gases much lower than projected in the electricity production sector. But these plans have aroused criticism from the car manufacturers of Spain, grouped in Anfac. The Government's plan foresees that in 2030 there will be five million electric vehicles, which do not emit greenhouse gases. This means that by that time 16% of the entire fleet (cars, motorcycles, vans …) will be electric.
By 2040, according to the plans of the current Executive, cars that emit carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, will no longer be able to be sold. Despite arousing criticism from manufacturers, that date is the same as that handled by the European Commission and several EU countries, such as the United Kingdom or France.
"That goal of 2040 is perfectly aligned with the rest of the EU," he said Monday. Mariano Sanz. "It is a goal that can be achieved in a rational manner," he added in reference to the 20 years of transition that are proposed. Now you need "a support" to the big manufacturers to transform, he added.