ThetranshumanizationIt is defined as an intellectual movement that aims to improve the capabilities of the human species in every way:Physical, psychic and intellectual.The way to do it is the application of eugenics and new technological advances. In this way, it is intended to eliminate suffering, disease andaging of the human condition, as well as other undesirable elements, even trying to eliminate death itself.
The goal of transhumanization
It is based on increasing the capabilities of the human being reaching a later state in which there is only one species superior to him. The techniques used are fundamentally prenatal engineering, genetic engineering,Biotechnology applied to the human brain and nanotechnology.
In particular, it is eugenics that goes hand in hand with transhumanization by being united with the idea of the complete improvement of man in all his senses, including hiscognitive and sensory abilities.Transhumanism not only takes these principles as a mere possibility, but as a moral obligation, since its cultural aspects imply that a superior species is finally achieved.
Its origins and main exponents
Transhumanism finds its origins in a contrast between classical thinking, as to the intrinsic desire in the human being ofachieve greater and new capabilities for man, and modern thinking regarding the application of new technologies, according to Nick Bostrom, president of the World Transhumanist Association.
The fundamental transhumanist pillars are, from its origins, the confidence in man as a concept in itself, as well as in science, as a tool for strengthening its possibilities and functions. What in the United Statesbegan to be conceived as "futuristic mentality"Through the development of artificial intelligence, it has finally developed into a modern transhumanist movement.
In addition, this conception of man is based on the purest empiricism, eliminating any possibility of the existence of a metaphysical reality. Thus, the human species is reduced to its own functioning, to a perfect functionalist neurobiologism.neural connections, always looked at from a liberal and utilitarian point of view. Many of its strongest defenders defend that this is the final stage of homo sapiens, which will be called homo technologicus.
Are we at a foot of transhumanization?
Transhumanization has one of its first expressions in drugs that reduce the negative impact of human experiences and control emotional well-being. The first step is the use of personality pills that eliminate traits considered as social defects, such as shyness, and that increaserelationship capacityand understanding of the species.
Also, they are intended to use biological methods that slow cell aging,transmitting the synaptic matrix of man to a digital medium. The idea is to perfect man with a combination of his organic part and artificial intelligence. Similarly, another of its most ambitious expressions would be the cryopreservation of sick or deceased patients for future resuscitation.
The transhumanist movement is not exempt from ethical problems, to which most of its authors have not yet given many answers. First, there is the problem of reducing human beings to their neural connections, since thematerialistic reductionIt has not yet been satisfactorily demonstrated.
Many other groups against transhumanism express that the fact that human beings increasingly have more developed psychic and physical abilities does not mean that they will be happier.The answer to this question is really complicated.As the human being has progressed throughout history, there have been many approaches to who determines perfection and the concept of happiness, which is increasingly disconnected from materialism.
As for its practical nature, there are other implications that arise contrary to the transhumanist plan. The most important is theeugenic elimination of fetuses with abnormalities.Embryonic selection is the most latent consequence of neurological nanotechnology and cryopreservation, being a matter that will always keep society divided.
In short, transhumanism can be observed today in the increase in the number of drugs in order to medicalize situations thatcharacterize human existence.However, although its purpose can be considered good, since its basic principle is the improvement of the life of man through science, medicine and, encompassing all this, the process, this last objective cannot claim to be achieved in any shape.
While society moves towards the lengthening of human life and towards the tending growth of emotional anesthesia, the sense of human dignity and the transcendental conception of man is in decline, being features that distinguish him and make him stand out. If we are close to transhumanization, is humanity close to its own extermination or clinging to the hand of a utopian future?