Tosca It is one of the most representative operas of the Italian veristic repertoire, as it contains some of the most beautiful arias in the repertoire. The plot combines love, intrigue, violence, passion and death. Beside Madama Butterfly Y La Bohème, integrates the trio of best-known operas by Puccini. The title was successfully premiered in Rome, on January 14, 1900, at the Teatro Costanzi. The text is based on an intense drama, The Tosca, by Victorien Sardou, and has a libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. The action takes place in Rome, on June 14, 1800, when Napoleon defeats the Austrians under the command of General Michael von Melas at the Battle of Marengo.
Puccini was one of the few opera composers capable of brilliantly using German and Italian operatic techniques. He is considered the successor of Giuseppe Verdi. His first opera was Le Villi (1884) and his first triumph Manon Lescaut (1893). In addition to twelve operas like L to boheme (1896), Madama Butterfly (1904), a triptych formed by the operas Il Tabarro, Suor Angelica Y Gianni Schicchi (1928), or its end Turandot (1926), Puccini also wrote other notable works, such as Solemn Mass, a Anthem to Rome, a symphonic caprice, two symphonic preludes and three minuets for string quartet.