Having an efficient home from the energy point of view not only helps to minimize environmental impact, with reductions in polluting emissions and carbon footprints, but also to that families achieve significant financial savings. In addition, houses that are built or renovated with sustainability in mind are more comfortable, by design and temperature, and durable. They can even benefit from tax breaks or public subsidies.
As if all this were not enough, energy efficient homes are better valued for future sales or rentals. But, What must be taken into account to ensure that our property complies with the parameters of efficiency and sustainability? There are several requirements and, in general, they must be applied from the beginning of the building. Today we are going to stop at some small gestures, not very difficult to apply, which also contribute their bit in order to make our house a little ‘greener’.
Light and water
The first and simplest change that we can adopt is to remove the old incandescent bulbs and replace them with other energy-saving or LED ones. They are less economical when buying them, but we will immediately notice the savings in the monthly electricity bill. Painting the walls in light colors and making the most of the entry of natural light are also other recommended habits, as well as replacing old appliances with more modern and efficient ones (those that are certified with A +, A ++, A +++).
Sustainable homes can save us up to 80% in energy and 40% in water consumption. To make this last point a reality, some tips to follow are: install mixer taps in kitchens and bathrooms; opt for double push-button or partial flush systems in the toilet tanks; and to choose systems of accumulation of hot water instead of instantaneous production.
Of course, beyond choosing more efficient appliances, you also have to make a more rational use of them, turning off the light every time we leave a room, filling washing machines and dishwashers to their maximum capacity or choosing the eco programs of each of them. .
Air conditioning and insulation
Regarding the regulation of air conditioning, it is essential to periodically check boilers, radiators and air conditioners, as well as regulate them at constant temperatures, never too extreme, neither in winter nor in summer. Thermostatic valves for boilers, for example, prevent heat losses and make them more efficient. With regard to radiators, it is advisable to purge the air they may have inside at least once a year and avoid covering them, either with clothing or objects.
The houses must be ventilated. And this is another important point to consider, if we want to do it following the efficiency recommendations. During the hottest seasons, the best way to maintain pleasant temperatures is to open the windows very early, so that the coolest air of the day enters. In cold seasons, on the other hand, it is better to do it in the hours when the sun is hotter, to prevent the house from freezing.
Without stopping talking about air conditioning, another crucial aspect that must be assessed is the correct insulation of the property. And here, a somewhat higher investment will be necessary if we verify that the doors and windows do not meet the efficiency criteria: double-glazed doors and windows or double-glazed windows with carpentry that insulates both from cold and heat; blind boxes conveniently insulated with polystyrene panels or sheets; plug drafts with silicone, putty or weatherstripping; put awnings on the windows most affected by the summer sun.
Once these changes are installed, getting used to closing blinds and curtains at night in winter, or by day in summer, will do its thing too.
The future is sustainable
The houses of the future are sustainable and ecological, on this path there is no turning back. As there is not in the fight against climate change. Therefore, it is better to join a trend as soon as possible that, as we have seen, not only helps to take care of the environment but is also good for the family economy. Some investments may be necessary, but they will be outlays of money that, in the long term, will pay off both financially and comfortably.