At two o’clock in the morning, peninsular time, this Sunday, March 28, the clocks will return to advance sixty minutes and it will be three o’clock. Spain will thus return to the official summer time, with the eternal controversy about the real benefits of this adjustment, which occurs twice a year.
The last proposal on the time change in Spain: go back to the 1996 system and do it in September
In Spain, summer time was adopted for the first time in 1918 for economic and political reasons, according to an article published by Doctor of Physics Pere Planesas in the Yearbook of the Madrid Astronomical Observatory, as a result of the coal shortage caused by World War I and to harmonize the schedule with that of neighboring countries.
In the first half of the 20th century, the official time “was applied discontinuously and with little consistency in the dates”, first as a result of the civil war of 1936-39 and, later, of the Second World War, but after the In the oil crisis of the 70s, summer time was reinstated in many European countries – Spain did so from 1974 – and since 1980 it has been dependent on European directives, says Planesas.
In recent years, various experts in the field have defended the need to set a time and maintain it throughout the year since differentiating between winter and summer time “could make sense until forty or fifty years ago but not so much now” when, As Ricardo Irurzun, from Ecologistas en Acción, explained to Efe, as a result of the last time change, “there is no way to verify whether or not energy is saved” since there are no estimates “in a well-studied way” in recent years in this regard.
What is proven is that the variation of hours of light that the human body receives affects its organism and “although we adapt quickly to a change of this type”, when it is forced for reasons unrelated to biology “there is a deregulation of hormonal levels “which implies, among other things, a decrease in melatonin or” sleep hormone “, which affects both the rest and the performance of the person.
This has been confirmed to Efe by the expert in neurovascular research of the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Ricardo Martínez, who also recalled that people with psychotic disorders, such as those who suffer from manic-depressive psychosis, “spring feels fatal , since his state of mind worsens among other reasons for having more hours to think “.
The European Parliament urges to end the time change
This petition dates back to 2018, when Parliament asked the Commission to assess the directive on the provisions for summer time and, if necessary, to present a proposal for a revision of the directive.
Following the evaluation, which received 4.6 million responses from European citizens, of which 84% were in favor of ending time changes, the Commission presented the proposal, which was reviewed by the EP in 2019.
The European Parliament voted in favor of eliminating this practice of adjusting the clocks in a spring and autumn time from 2021, but the Council of the EU has not yet taken a position on the matter.
The Social Democratic MEP, Johan Danielsson, said in a statement that “it is important to address citizen demands to stop changing the time” to show them that the community bloc takes note of their concerns.
According to the legislator, 20% of the population suffers from physical or mental problems related to the time change and, for the most part, these are vulnerable groups in society, such as children, the elderly or the chronically ill.
“I hope that the EU countries stop procrastinating and come to the negotiating table to agree on the end of the time change without further delay,” said the Swedish politician.
The president of the Transport Commission, Karima Delli (Los Verdes) highlighted that the Twenty-seven “must coordinate with each other to choose the best time for their region” and accused that, according to numerous studies, the time change “has an effect negative for human health “.
For the new rules to become legislation they must be agreed by the EU Parliament and ministers.