The works of bird they are an endless well that swallows billions of euros with the aim of «backing up» Spain and bringing high speed to every corner of the peninsula. In any case, the problem is not so much the high bill of these infrastructures, as the extra cost between the budgeted and the money finally spent. This is the conclusion that emerges from a report of the Court of Accounts, which oversees the activity of the public companies incorporated for the construction of a dozen stations of the bird and the railway accesses to Alicante, Almeria, Barcelona, Cartagena, Gijón, León, Logroño, Murcia, Palencia, Valencia, Valladolid, Vitoria and Zaragoza.
Specific, the Court of Accounts has detected a hole of 7,637 million euros in deviations from the initial budget, as a result of the increase in the cost of the actions at the end of December 2016. Initially, the works had to cost 4,101 million euros, but now it is estimated that it will shoot up to 11,739 million. That is, an increase of 186%. The highest extra costs correspond to the projects of the La Sagrera de Barcelona (+ 547%), Alicante (+ 396%) and Cartagena (+ 282%) stations. In addition, the future need for financing of all the agreements amounted to 2,049 million euros, being especially significant the deficit in Valencia, which with 1,060 million euros absorbed more than half of the global deficit.
On the other hand, the foreseen actions of the different agreements show a low level of execution, since the actions of railway infrastructure have only been executed at 27% and those of the urban actions, at 21%. "Only those relating to the agreement of Zaragoza were practically finished, while at the opposite end, the agreements of Almeria, Cartagena, Murcia and Vitoria did not reach 2% completion," says the Court of Accounts, which highlights that apart from Zaragoza, only in Logroño exceeds 50% of execution. These companies, shared equally between ADIF and the regional and local administrations, were created between 2002 and 2010 to coordinate the actions corresponding to the development of the works derived from the remodeling of the railway arterial networks of each city and the urban transformation derived from the same.