The Government has allocated 1,148 million euros for culture in 2021, 25.6% more than what was proposed in the year corresponding to 2019 and which involved the most generous game since the PP cuts. However, it should be taken into account that this figure is based on the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan of European funds. Without him, the numbers for Culture would remain at 947.82 million, 3% more than with previous budgets. Despite the increase in a portfolio accustomed to cuts, the figure has not yet reached the 1,284 million invested in 2009 (the highest in the last two decades).
As can be read in the government’s economic report, the objectives in cultural matters will revolve “around the promotion of a quality cultural offer; the protection of the activity of artists and creators; the promotion of the internationalization of Spanish culture; promoting the development of the cultural sector; and contribute to minimize the negative impact of COVID-19 ”.
In this way, the most benefited program is that of Cultural Promotion and Cooperation, with 27.13 million euros compared to 9.32 the previous year. They will be destined, among other aspects, to finance the Reading Promotion Plan (5 million euros) and an agreement to recover and intensify the socio-cultural relationship of the State with the City of Barcelona as a cultural and scientific capital (20 million euros) .
Derived from the above, the second most benefited program would be the one dedicated to the Promotion of books and cultural publications, going from just over 8 million euros to 13.24, thus representing almost an increase of 65% with respect to the previous exercise.
In contrast, the Cinematography program loses out. The executive foresees an endowment for 2021 of 86 million euros, compared to the 100 rounds that he projected for 2020. With these PGE we return to those figures, investment in Spanish cinema loses 14 million investment. The 2020 figure turned out to be the highest in investment in recent years. In 2018, the PGE contemplated an investment of 87 million, just one million euros more than in 2017. Additionally, the budget of the Institute of Cinematography and Audiovisual Arts includes endowments associated with the Recovery and Resilience Mechanism for a total amount of 33 million euros, among which 17 million euros stand out for aid to the exhibition halls.
Another of the affected areas is that of the museums. The Museums and Exhibitions programs have a combined allocation of 163 million euros, one less than in the previous year. This section includes credits for the development of the activities of the Museo Nacional del Prado, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía and the rest of the state-owned and managed museums.
However, the items most affected are those destined to the Administration of the National-Historical Heritage, which goes from 117 million euros to 108.91; and that of Conservation and restoration of cultural assets, which decreases from 32.5 million to 30.78 with which allowances are contemplated to finance together with the corresponding Town Councils actions of the Cities of Santiago de Compostela, Toledo and Cuenca for an amount set of almost 8 million euros.