They ask that ex-guardians receive the IMV until they are 25 years old

Image of a group of young people during some Spanish classes. / afipress

The Chamber approves the PNL promoted by the socialists, which contemplates access to protected housing and the reduction in university fees

Ingrid Ortiz-Viera

The lack of protection of minors under the care of the Autonomous Government once they reach the age of majority continues to be a pending task. The Canarian law does not protect them after crossing the border of 18, to which difficulties such as the lack of work permits are added.

In this context of vulnerability, the Parliament of the Canary Islands unanimously approved this Wednesday a non-law proposal (PNL) that asks to include the former guardians
up to 25 years as beneficiaries of the Minimum Vital Income.

The initiative of the socialist party, although it is not binding, it is a declaration of intent that has brought together all the groups. Despite the
lack of territorial regulationsTo generate this protection framework, some steps have been taken.

The inclusion of a specific item in the 2022 budgets, the network of supervised apartments promoted by the councils or the reform of the Immigration regulation to make permits more flexible – which has already benefited almost 6,000 young people nationwide – are some examples.

However, these accommodations –which are intended to accompany young people in their recent emancipation– are conditioned to the labor insertion of those who live in the reception resources. he defended
the deputy Cruz Oval that this generates a situation of disadvantage among those who live with families and consider continuing their academic training process beyond secondary education.

In this sense, the proposal also urges the inclusion of a special quota for this group in the allocation of protected housing for public promotion of the
Canary Housing Institute. Also, exclude them from paying university fees, as long as they begin their studies within three years of reaching the age of majority.

The nationalist group, for its part, added an amendment so that the
Canary Health Service care for young people in care as a special group.

social inclusion

The proposed framework responds to a structural problem and is based on the pressure exerted by the arrival of unaccompanied minors on the islands. Currently, the autonomous community protects around 2,400, of which the majority are in Government devices and 17% in the Cabildos. In just the last five months
the figure has dropped by 400 after reaching the age of majority.

Other data that helps to measure the situation is rescued from a Red Cross report on ex-guardians:
83.9% are at risk of poverty and exclusion; 81.5% are unemployed; 84% do not receive any economic benefits and 10% are forced to live on the streets or carry out illicit activities due to the lack of protection to cover their basic needs.

The latest report of the Basic Protection Statistics, dated December 2019, also puts into perspective figures that go beyond the migration crisis of the following year. Pick you up in the archipelago
1,804 minors were beneficiaries of a protection measure and, of these, only 373 had residential care between the ages of 15 and 17.

Once the majority had been completed, the report indicates, the protection measure was revoked: in 11.5% of cases it was due to family reintegration and in 11.8% to the network of foster families. On the other hand, 26.4% was simply due to coming of age, despite the fact that their situation of vulnerability had not changed.

In fact, social workers and experts point out that for many of them, becoming independent early
It's a double pressurethat of looking for life and that of taking care of relatives.

"The protection of children is a priority, and we want the system to not expire," Cruz Oval stressed. «Guaranteeing social inclusion requires having legal coverage, especially for unaccompanied foreign minors; have social support, fundamentally housing alternatives and, finally, have some economic income».

Social Rights defends the management of juvenile centers

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