The agreement has gone ahead with the vote against La Rioja and Castilla-La Mancha
The Government and the communities have agreed on the transfer this year of
400 unaccompanied foreign minors from the Canary Islands and Ceuta
to the peninsulato which 374 will be added in 2023 due to the saturation of the centers of the archipelago and the autonomous city.
Social Rights and the autonomous governments have closed the agreement at the Sectorial Conference on Children and Adolescents held this Wednesday, where a model has been agreed to guarantee the reception of unaccompanied minors in emergency situations, reports the Ministry led by Ione Belarra.
Canarias and Ceuta had demanded the activation of the
Response Plan for migration crises because their protection systems face an occupation above 150% and they requested the transfer of 1,363 minors by the Canary Islands and 182 by Ceuta.
The Plan establishes that the receiving community of the minors must assume
between 25 and 50% of overcrowdingand in addition, the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla have already received 15 million euros this year to attend to unaccompanied migrant minors, it is recalled in the approved document.
Both the Canary Islands and Ceuta demanded the activation of the Response Plan for migratory crises when facing an occupation greater than 150%, when the limit is between 25 and 50%.
The agreement, which has gone ahead with the
vote against Castilla-La Mancha and La Riojatranslates into assuming 50% of the overcrowding: 682 people in the case of the Canary Islands (which in April welcomed 2,288 unaccompanied minors, according to the Ministry of the Interior) and 92 people in the case of Ceuta (with 553 minors in its centers).
It will be done in two sections: 400 transfers this year (340 from the Canary Islands and 60 from Ceuta) and next year 374 (342 from the Canary Islands and 32 from Ceuta).
To finance reception places in the destination autonomous communities, 20 million euros will be distributed this year, taking into account factors such as population, per capita income, the unemployment rate or the minors already cared for.
Emergency plans for migration crises
The Ministry emphasizes that it is not only a referral system, but also guarantees
specialized resources at arrival points.
“The approval of the Emergency Plans implies an agreement with the communities to declare a migratory contingency when there is an overcrowding of the protection system that increases the number of ordinary places by more than 50%, either due to a continuous flow of arrivals or punctual", explained Belarra.
With the agreed model, it is expected to address migratory crises with the activation of different response plans, to which the communities may join voluntarily.
The aim is to guarantee the best interests of minors, with
special attention to the most vulnerable profiles: asylum seekers, girls, victims of trafficking, with disabilities and with specific mental health care needs.
Once the situation of migratory crisis has been declared, a commission will be constituted with the communities that decide to participate and the Ministry will determine the credits to co-finance the attention of the minors and the transfers.
The only mandatory requirement before any referral will be the completion of the individual interview with its corresponding report; and the minor will have been informed and will have expressed his agreement for the
transfer in writing.
The protocol that will be signed between the communities to coordinate the protection administration actions and that includes the commitment to assume guardianship has also been approved.
The minister thanked the work of the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla "which have assumed for too long an overexertion that must be distributed".
"With the approved documents we intend to establish a model of collaboration, solidarity and co-responsibility," he added.
Castilla La Mancha and La Rioja stand out
According to sources from Social Rights, La Rioja and Castilla-La Mancha have voted against the distribution agreement.
La Rioja would not welcome minors at the moment, and Castilla La-Mancha will receive a smaller number than assigned, these sources point out.