To have an overview of the situation in which women live beyond our daily reality, just take a look at the map drawn from the WPS (Women, Peace and Security) report, prepared by Georgetown University in collaboration with the Oslo Peace Institute. The WPS index captures the reality of women in 167 countries, representing more than 98 percent of the world’s population. To do this, it measures various factors structured around three basic dimensions of women’s well-being: inclusion (economic, social, political); justice (formal laws and de facto discrimination); and security (family, community and social violence). Within these broad categories, issues such as schooling, female employment, financial inclusion, parliamentary representation, violence within the couple or the feeling of security are examined.
The 2019-2020 edition signals good news: trends in women’s empowerment are going in the right direction worldwide. Some 59 countries registered significant progress with respect to the previous year’s report, while only Yemen experienced significant deterioration. And it throws a conclusion: countries are more peaceful and prosperous when women are granted full and equal rights and opportunities.
of women do not feel safe at night in Afghanistan, Syria, Venezuela and Botswana
of men in Pakistan consider it unacceptable for women to have paid work. The figure is 50% in Bangladesh, Yemen, Iraq, Libya and Afghanistan.
They suffer violence from their partners. Afghanistan, Iraq and South Sudan have rates that approach 50%. All forms of violence against women increase during disasters, conflicts and displacement: in Syria and Afghanistan, the deaths of women due to violence are the highest in the world. The life expectancy of the Syrians has decreased from 75.9 to 55.7 years.
More than 200 M.
of women and girls alive today have undergone female genital mutilation in the 30 countries of Africa, the Middle East and Asia where this practice is concentrated. In countries such as Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Oman or Indonesia, more than 50% of women have had their genitals mutilated.
Each year, about 12 M.
of girls are married against their will before turning 18. In Niger, 76% of women have married before that age. The percentage is very high in most of Sub-Saharan Africa, Bangladesh, Pakistan or Indonesia. In Yemen, the percentage has increased from 32% to 52% in recent years, families use early marriage as a survival mechanism. In total, 650 million of the world’s women were married as girls.
Sources: Women Peace and Security Index 2029/20, UN Women, UNICEF, International Plan, World Health Organization (WHO).