The wage increase agreed in the agreement closes 2021 at 1.47%, more than five points below the CPI

Salaries agreed in collective agreements rose on average by 1.47% until December 2021, according to data published by the Ministry of Labor. The figure is lower than the one registered in the previous month (+ 1.49%) and is very far from the evolution of prices this year. More than five percentage points below the CPI, whose Advanced data stood at 6.7% at the end of the year, its highest rate in 29 years.

Trade union protest against the blocking of salary increases: "It is not acceptable with the public effort to save companies"

Trade union protest against the blocking of salary increases: "It is not acceptable with the public effort to save companies"

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In 2021, 2,886 collective agreements were registered with economic effects for that year, of which only 735 were signed that same year. The rest, 2,151, were signed in previous years, although they also displayed their effects in 2021. The average salary increase in both cases is almost the same: + 1.47% in those signed before 2021 and + 1.48% in those subscribed last year. The total number of collective agreements covered more than 7.67 million workers.

If a difference is made between company agreements and those of a higher scope, those that affect only a specific company present lower salary increases: + 1.1%. The collective bargaining agreements of greater scope agreed instead to wage increases of 1.5%.

By sectors, the one that increased their wages the most was construction (+ 2.4%), followed by the agrarian system (+ 1.99%). Below the agreed average are the services sector (+ 1.43%) and industry (1.18%).

Data from the Ministry of Labor indicate that one in five agreements (570) included the wage freeze for 2021. On the other hand, one in three agreements (924) agreed to increases above the average, beyond 1.5 %. Specifically, 427 collective agreements that affected 1.7 million workers set wage increases above 2%.

Unions mobilize for higher increases

The interannual CPI data for December (6.7%) advanced by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), whose final value will be known at the end of this week, is very far from these salary increases. If the data is taken from the average of the interannual CPI for the entire year 2021, the data reaches 3.1%, more than double the wage increase agreed until December in collective bargaining.

The unions CCOO and UGT convened in mid-December protests to denounce blockages of wage negotiation in various companies and sectors. The organizations demanded that the employers sit down to negotiate and that the economic recovery foreseen for this year also reaches the salary of the workers, which has lost purchasing power in 2021.

In addition, it is still pending to agree on the increase in the minimum interprofessional salary (SMI) for this 2022. Its negotiation was pending for this beginning of the year, after the final stretch of 2021 was focused on the labor reform. The unions claim that the SMI, now at 965 euros per month, stands at 1,000 euros, in line with what the Government's expert committee recommended. This would represent an increase of 3.6%.

The President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, said this Monday that inflation is expected to decrease in the coming months. The executive leader recalled that the rise in prices is highly influenced by energy and has called for "avoiding what economists call the second-round effect, that is, that this rise in prices ends up permeating the rest of the economy. economy ", such as wages.

Salary sags increase

The Labor statistics also reveal that in 2021 there were 559 non-applications of agreements, 1.2% less than the figure registered in 2020. However, these 'drops' affected 26,923 workers, compared to the 20,301 workers affected the previous year (+ 32.6%).

The 'off-hook' of the agreements supposes the revision of the working conditions in the companies. The 2012 labor reform, which has been partially modified since January 1 of this year, made it easier for employers and workers to agree to these derogations.


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