The Department of Health will finally allow the people with morbid obesity are incinerated if they wish so in the new order of crematoria where they are now working. The administration will rectify its Initial position advanced today by Levante-EMV and that it collected the draft order currently in public exhibition and that hardens the regulations of these facilities to minimize their environmental impact and thus eliminate the "social alarm" that the installation of crematoriums currently entails.
According to sources confirmed by the Ministry of Health yesterday, the reason that incineration was prohibited for people with morbid obesity was that for the cremation of a body of this volume "a very high amount of fuel is needed", which entails a "considerable increase in pollution exceeding the permitted threshold", hence it will be vetoed.
From the General Directorate of Public Health have informed this morning in a statement sent to the agency EFE that this section will be eliminated despite admitting that the cremation of people with morbid obesity can generate technical problems and require special needs in the process (related to the volume of facilities and systems of evaluation of emissions).
However, these circumstances do not concern the sanitary conditions required for the installations nor do they pose a different risk to public health in the terms that the order addresses, according to the statement.
Therefore, the general director of Public Health, Ana María García Layunta, has indicated that this article will be modified according to the objectives of the order, which are to establish the conditions for the location and operation of the crematoria in order to protect the health of the population. In particular, along with other improvements to the text that may arise from the public consultation, Garcia has assured that the section where it is announced will be eliminated from the text of the future order: "The cremation of people with morbid obesity is prohibited".
García recalled that the process of public consultation "has precisely the objective of detecting parts of normative texts that may be susceptible to improvement or correction, as is the case."
No beads or metal elements on clothing
In addition, the measures for minimize the emission of dioxins and other contaminating particles pass through to avoid the cremation of metallic elements (especially those made with lead or zinc) or those that contain resins or plastics. The old norm of 2005 (modified in 2009) already planned to remove, for example, the metal fittings of the coffins.
The new norm goes a step further and vetoes that the corpses that are going to be incinerated carry clothes or beads with metallic elements, "as well as resins or plastics". Nor does the corpse clothes it must contain elements "capable of forming organochlorine compounds" or that are toxic by combustion, so it is proposed to use shrouds of biodegradable materials ".
In addition, the prohibition to incinerate corpses of people who had received radioactive oncological treatments.
The objective, as they justify, is to reduce the impact on health of this activity after confirming that crematoria can release pollutants such as dioxins or mercury by the very combustion of corpses and some plastics.
It is a sanitary order based on the Regulation of mortuary health police practices of the Comunitat, with some novel definitions such as vulnerable spaces, the population of special susceptibility, the sanitary irrigation and the hazard ratio HQ (ratio between the exposure to a substance and the maximum admissible dose).
Minimum distance of 200 meters
The new order -in the period of allegations- also marks, for the first time, that newly built crematoriums will only be able to rise to more than 200 meters of population centers or vulnerable spaces (schools, sports or senior centers, parks …) and "preferably" on industrial classification land although the town councils will still have the final say in authorizing the activity, as it has been up to now.
In fact, there are already much more restrictive local regulations on the location of these plants developed by some of the municipalities that have had to face the challenge of authorizing a crematorium and have had to deal with the social rejection and with requests to keep as far as possible this activity. This is the case of the consistory of Alicante that modified its general plan to establish a radius of 500 meters from the population centers for this activity.
In principle and as clarified yesterday by the Ministry of Health, municipalities "can develop, in line with regulations, those ordinances they deem necessary" so, in principle, the local rules that are more restrictive will continue to prevail About this.