The certification of the quality assurance systems of all the ULPGC centers, the dissemination of the training programs in institutes and educational centers for a better knowledge of the degrees, improve the results in the basic subjects of first of the branch of sciences , tutoring and mentoring programs for students with difficulties in certain subjects, or the revision of the Progress and Permanence Regulations. These are some of the actions included in the plan of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria to improve the academic results of the students. It is an open action, which is reinforced every year and offers alternatives to the early abandonment of studies.
In the ULPGC, according to the latest published data, corresponding to the 2016/2017 academic year, the careers with the highest initial dropout rate were Marine Sciences (46.51), ADE-Business Administration and Management (40.13), Telecommunications Engineering (39 , 56), Industrial and Automatic Electronic Engineering (36,36) and Economics (36,25).
“The plan, which was approved in 2017, is incorporating new actions against abandonment. Many of them have already been done for years with the implementation of quality assurance systems – The ULPGC has eight centers certified by the National Agency of Evaluation of Quality and Accreditation-, which obliges centers to review their results, including abandonment, and implement measures that can curb or reduce their figures, “said Vice Chancellor for Quality, Milagros Rico.
Among the measures implemented and that have demonstrated greater effectiveness, are the information and orientation plans for the Baccalaureate student in the institutes and educational centers and in the open days. As an example, from the 2018-2019 academic year, the Directorate of the School of Telecommunications and Electronics Engineering, initiated a process of external activities in institutes of all the islands, informed about the degree of Telecommunications Engineering, participating with IoT workshops (Internet of Things) and participating in more than ten fairs in the different islands.
“The effort dedicated in the first year has allowed us to slightly overcome the degree, but what we have really achieved is that most of the new students who have enrolled have chosen the degree of Telecommunications Engineering in first registration, which makes ensure that the degree of abandonment has been significantly reduced, “said Iván Pérez, director of the EITE. “In this 2019-20 academic year we will continue to be informed and participating in promotional activities, but at the same time we have incorporated processes in which, for example, we bring companies from the sector to be present at the School. In the same way the center will is transforming, generating new processes of action and regeneration, both within the student environment and in the educational reforms of the degrees. “
Measures such as this, implemented in other centers, aim to reverse one of the biggest causes of abandonment, according to studies: the lack of knowledge of the career in which they enroll. “At the institutional and center level, a lot of effort is dedicated to going to other municipalities, other islands to disseminate the training offer, the professional outlets that have the qualifications … But above all, they know even where to find the data, because in There is a lot of information about each degree on the web. Meetings have also been implemented with the guidance of the secondary schools in coordination with University of La Laguna“Rico said.
The tutoring systems implemented to support students with difficulties in certain subjects are also paying off. “In the first year of the race, homogenization of knowledge courses are offered, for those students who believe that they do not have the sufficient previous level, it gives them the skills to be able to follow the subjects of the first course,” said the Vice Chancellor for Quality.
The study Subjects and degrees that present greater difficulties for new students in the ULPGC, carried out in July 2018, revealed that students present difficulties in all the Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry subjects of the first year of all the degree degrees taught by the Schools of Industrial and Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Architecture, and the Faculty of Marine Sciences; In addition to the degrees of the health branch (Physiotherapy, Medicine, Veterinary and Nursing). In the case of Mathematics, we must add the degrees in ADE, Economics and tourism.
In this sense, one of the actions included in the plan against early abandonment in the ULPGC is the implementation of the training program Train in Sciences, a complementary training to provide new students with basic knowledge in the areas of Science, Engineering, Architecture and Health Sciences; and boost the offer of courses of harmonization of subjects, both face-to-face and on-line.
At the regional level, in June 2018, a commission was created for the coordination of the transition between high school, vocational training and the Canarian public university that, among other proposals, included a new ordination of the baccalaureate of science in which universities participated , or coordinated transit programs between the different institutions involved, between Secondary and University. “This commission is currently stopped after the change of regional government, but these actions will surely be resumed very soon,” Rico said.
The Vice Chancellor pointed out as a proposal to study, facilitating access to the higher VT of students leaving the university. “In the same way that there are ways to access university studies from the higher FP cycles with recognition, it could be done in the opposite direction, that is, students who started university studies, can go to higher cycles with the recognition of the same credits. I don’t know if it is feasible, but it could be an alternative so they don’t stop studying. “
Another measure that has managed to lower the abandonment figures, Milagros Rico explained, are the changes in the Progress and Permanence regulations. “It was very drastic with respect to that of other universities, and even more rigid than that of La Laguna. The modifications made last year have allowed the drop-out figures to decrease because so many students are no longer disconnected as before.”