The transport sector accumulates 20% of vacancies in Spain

Mechanics, electricians, welders and blacksmiths are among the most difficult professions to fill

Lucia Palacios

In addition to unemployment and temporary employment, another of the serious problems currently facing the Spanish labor market is the shortage of workers. Today there is a significant percentage of offers that remain unfilled or are difficult to cover: more than 110,000 positions despite the fact that there are nearly three million unemployed. But there are some sectors that are most affected by this imbalance and, despite what one might think, the hospitality industry is not the most impacted, nor are telecommunications professionals. At the head is the transport and storage sector, where almost two out of ten unfilled vacancies are registered, 19.6%, according to the report 'Labor Market Needs' published this Monday by Adecco Group and which is based on a survey of more than 27,000 representative companies.

The second place is occupied by the activities of the headquarters, where the percentage of offers of difficult coverage rises to 13.3%. The third position is for the industry, with 12.1% of the positions that are not filled. It is closely followed by commerce and sales, with 11.6%, and somewhat further behind, architectural and engineering technical services (8%).

Mechanics and machine fitters and workers specialized in electricity and electrotechnology are currently the most difficult jobs to fill, according to 29% of those surveyed by Adecco, who also place welders, sheet metal workers, metal structure assemblers, blacksmiths, tool makers and the like, with 26% of the responses.

This same percentage is also presented by specialist technicians and scientific and intellectual and/or support professionals in the field of physical, chemical, mathematical and engineering sciences, according to the classification of profiles of the National Catalog of Occupations of the National Institute of Statistics (INE).

With 21% of responses are technical specialists and scientific professionals in the field of health, and with 16% are directors of operations and precision mechanics in metals, potters, glassmakers, craftsmen and graphic arts workers.

On the contrary, the positions of cashiers and clerks, except for banks, would be the least difficult to fill, with 1% of the responses of the respondents, while construction workers and waiters are also placed in the lower part of the table, around 9%.

It's not just wages to blame

On the other hand, the jobs that were most requested in the job offers published between the past months of January and May are administrative and administrative assistant, which occupy the first position of the ranking of more than 60 vacancies with 8.8% of the offers. It is followed by laborer/operator, with 7.4%; commercial, which brings together 5.3%; warehouse worker/carteller (4.7% of the offers), and, in fifth position, IT (2.8%).

Despite the fact that the Government - more specifically the second vice president, Yolanda Díaz - blames this shortage of workers on low wages and precarious conditions, the director of the Adecco Group Institute, Javier Blasco, maintains that low wages "are not always to blame of vacancies", since there are also no candidates for jobs in industry or construction with salaries of around 40,000 euros per year.

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