The total cost TCO (Total Cost Ownership), which includes the cost of acquisition and maintenance to 10 years with 20,000 kilometers traveled per year, a car driven by liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or autogas is 12% lower than the of a gasoline car, and 18% less than an electric car.
This is clear from the report "Technological and market study of alternative fuels in Spain" carried out by the Applus IDIADA consultancy, commissioned by the Spanish Association of Operators of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (Aoglp) and the Autogas Cluster.
The study has compared the cost, emissions, autonomy, infrastructure and vehicle supply of the main alternative fuels: LPG, vehicular natural gas (NGV) and electric vehicles.
Thus, the study concludes in terms of TCO cost that LPG is the cheapest (30,000 euros), due to the price of fuel -very similar to that of NGV and lower than gasoline and diesel- and a lower cost of acquisition and supply installation.
In the other point are the electric vehicles, which although they spend much less cost to fuel -2,997 euros compared to 10,450 for a LPG and 15,576 for a gasoline, its high cost of acquisition does not end up making them profitable.
This is the main reason that the CEO of the Autogas Cluster, José Luis Blanco, used to assert that, currently, the "brutal" costs of the electric car do not compensate for the reduction of emissions.
Blanco has clarified that the cost is not the main reason, but also the limited autonomy (200 kilometers) of electric cars, which in the case of LPG and CNG vehicles is in line with those of gasoline and diesel, by having deposits of these fuels.
It is for all this, also linked to the lack of infrastructure, so Blanco, who stressed that LPG and NGV emit about 14% less carbon dioxide (CO2) than gasoline, which makes it a best option to reduce pollution in the short and medium term.
And is that Blanco has explained that the 800 public electric recharging points – compared to 603 for LPG and 60 gas stations – are not enough, since these do not work like a conventional gas station, requiring at least 40 minutes of fast charging .
And to demonstrate the scarce domestic utility of an electric car outside the urban environment, in the IDIADA studio they have made test trips from Madrid to A Coruña, Barcelona and Seville. In all three cases, the time spent by LPG and CNG cars was similar to that of petrol and diesel, despite the fact that these last two had to stop to refuel once.
However, the electric car had to stop to refuel on more than one occasion, with a refueling time of several hours, which made it consume almost twice as long, in the case of Barcelona somewhat less.
Of course, the cost of these refueling was almost five times less than its petrol counterpart and three times less than the other alternative fuels.