The new LOMLOE educational law, known as the Celaá law, is becoming a reality. The Congress of Deputies will ratify it today and then it will be sent to the Senate. PSOE, United We Can, ERC, PNV, More Country and Bildu support the rule, detested in the ranks of PP, Ciudadanos and Vox. Once it enters into force, it will be the eighth educational law of democracy and will imply the practical repeal of the LOMCE. Its processing, however, has not been without controversy. These are the thorniest aspects.
The public, axis of the system
The law aims to make public education the backbone of the system. Currently, public schooling is 67% while the EU average is 81%. The objective is to approximate the European percentage. Although the LOMLOE does not imply the disappearance of the subsidized centers, these schools are in the heat of war. They consider that the law is ambiguous and that it leaves in the hands of the communities the possibility of removing places in the concerted one to increase those of the public one. The law encourages the transfer of public land to build only public schools and urges the concerted to take on the schooling of students from more economically disadvantaged families.
Public schooling in Spain is 67% compared to the 81% average for the EU
Separate by sex
Concerted schools that separate children by sex will no longer be able to receive public funds. The bill that came out of the ministry said that “preferably” schools that do not separate by sex will be arranged. In the parliamentary debate, at the hands of ERC, it was agreed to prohibit the concert of this type of education. The Government may have a legal problem because the Constitutional Court ruled in its day that differentiated education is one more educational model.
Centers for all
All the deputies of PSOE and United We can assure that the special education schools are not going to close. However, opposition parties and families of children with special needs have risen to war. In his opinion, the rule is ambiguous and aims to empty these centers. The law is committed to inclusion. There is no talk of closure but rather of granting a period of 10 years for ordinary schools to provide themselves with resources to care for children with some type of disorder.
The objective is that the use of the language in Catalonia is flexible and at the same time compensated
The Catalan school
The two government parties agreed to an amendment with ERC to eliminate the express reference to Castilian being the vehicular language in education. It is one of the aspects that has caused the most political anger, although, in reality, few things are going to change from day to day. The goal of ERC is to shield language immersion. What the law will imply is what is already happening: that students finish compulsory education with perfect knowledge of both Spanish and Catalan.
Pass the course with suspense
Right now there are three types of baccalaureate: Humanities and Social Sciences, Arts and Sciences (to which Technology will be added). With the LOMLOE there will be a fourth type: the general one, in which students will be able to receive content from the three models, and obtain the title with a failed subject. As an exception, the baccalaureate can be studied in three years instead of two, the revalidations are eliminated. It is intended to reduce the high repetition rate (28% compared to 11% in the OECD), so repeating a year will be exceptional.