The technique of blown glass, Intangible Cultural Heritage


The technique of blown glass, Intangible Cultural Heritage.

The technique of blown glass, Intangible Cultural Heritage.

The Council of Ministers approved this Tuesday the recognition of the blown glass technique, with more than 2,000 years of history, such as Intangible Cultural Heritage, a art which has as reference the Royal Factory of La Granja (Segovia) and the Gordiola Factory of Palma de Mallorca.

This has been advanced by the Minister of Culture, José Manuel Rodríguez Uribes, on his Twitter account.

“In the Council of Ministers we have recognized the Blown Glass Technique as Intangible Cultural Heritage. 2000 years of history, with the flourishing 18th century and with the Royal Factory of La Granja (Segovia) and Gordiola (Mallorca) as reference centers Congratulations! “, Has written the head of Culture.

Specifically, the Council of Ministers, at the proposal of the head of Culture and Sports, has approved the Royal Decree declaring the technique of blown glass in Spain as a Representative Manifestation of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

For the processing of the Royal Decree The reports of the Historical Heritage Council and the Higher Council for Scientific Research have been collected (CSIC) as consultative institutions on the matter.

The Royal Decree refers to the description of this technique, establishing that its processes, knowledge, products, instruments and associated machinery, as well as architectural spaces, present a set of “historical, immaterial, technological and artistic values ​​that deserve preservation, for being an activity linked to Spanish culture”.

Is a This technique has large production centers with more than three centuries of validity, such as the National Glass Center of the Farm in Segovia and the Gordiola Glass in Mallorca.

“Give visibility to characteristic productions of centers already extinct”

Throughout the Spanish territory individual experiences coexist with this type of technique, adds the Ministry of Culture, in the form of small artisan workshops, in many cases linked to museums, which seek “revitalize and give visibility to characteristic productions of centers already extinct”.

Despite this historical and socio-cultural importance, the ministry clarifies, at present the viability of this practice is “threatened” by several factors such as the competitiveness of the industrial production of glass and other materials compared to this traditional technique.

In addition, there is a “lack of interest” of the new generations, which causes a “dangerous situation” due to the decrease in the number of depositories of knowledge, explains the Ministry.

The blown glass technique It can be traced on the peninsula since ancient times, coming from the Eastern Mediterranean, where it is usually dated to the middle of the 1st century BC.

The exact date of introduction of blown glass in Spain is unknown, but Plinio already gives an account of the manufacture of glass in Hispania towards the third quarter of the 1st century AD.

The blown glass technique was exceptionally worked in the Islamic art of the peninsula, flourishing workshops that would have continuation and influence in the Modern Age of Christian context, mainly highlighting the workshops of the Crown of Aragon.

In the century XVIII lived an economic flourishing with the economic policies of the Bourbons focused on national production, from whose line the Real Fábrica de Vidrios de La Granja in Segovia will be born, as well as in the promotion of production with the royal approval of private owners, as is the case of the Gordiola Factory in Mallorca.

The Royal Glass Factory of La Granja, which emerged during the Bourbon dynasty, was one of the most important examples of royal manufactures in all of eighteenth-century Spain.

Its history begins in 1727 when Secretary of State Joseph de Patiño ordered Ventura Sit to start working flat glass in a small oven located in a barrack in the Real Sitio, ordered to be built by Andrea Procaccini.

For its part, the Gordiola Factory began in 1719, when the Catalan businessman Bernardo Gordiola and the Aragonese glassmaker Blas Rigal they built a small Roman-style oven in the center of Palma, with a circular plan and a domed dome to work glass with the combustion of firewood and charcoal.

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