The sovereignists and the PSC approve the law that avoids the 25% sentence

Plenary session of the Parliament of Catalonia. / ep

The Government proposed the law as a legal response to the judicial resolution of the TSJC that obliges it to teach classes in Spanish

The Catalan Parliament approved this Wednesday the bill on the use and learning of official languages ​​in non-university education. The rule has gone ahead with a large majority of about 80% of the seats in the Catalan Chamber. They have voted in favor PSC, ERC, Junts and En Comú Podem (109 votes); against, Vox, CUP, Ciudadanos and the PP (29). The vote was scheduled for May 27, but was suspended following the request of Vox, Citizens and the PP for an opinion from the Council of Statutory Guarantees. This body yesterday endorsed the adequacy of the rule to the Constitution and the Statute.

The Government proposed the law as a legal response to the ruling of the TSJC that requires it to teach 25% of the classes in Spanish. With the law, "we place Catalan as the backbone of the school in the face of threats", affirmed the president of the Generalitat, Pere Aragonès. "We legislate so that the laws are approved by the Parliament and not by another body," recalled the head of the Catalan Executive, who has appealed for "responsibility" and thanked the four driving groups for their support.

With the law, "we guarantee that the sentence does not affect the educational system", ERC has expressed in the parliamentary debate. It serves to "deal with the sentence, to preserve the immersion model in the face of interference by the justice system," Junts pointed out. The PSC, on the other hand, has highlighted that the rule represents an "important step" in the "recognition of Spanish" in teaching. For the CUP, which has voted against because it believes that it falls short in defending Catalan, "it opens the door to bilingualism" and "school segregation." The commons have highlighted that the immersion model has a broad consensus and that it is "untouched". The right-wing groups, on the other hand, have harshly charged against the norm and against the PSC and the commons for "giving in" to "separatist Hispanophobia" to keep Pedro Sánchez in power. "Forced monolingualism is a betrayal of the constitutional pact," Ciudadanos has expressed. “They are already saying that the law is going to help them not to comply with the sentence,” the orange formation has snapped at the socialists. “How is it possible that the left joins the most stale nationalism?”, according to PP. Vox has accused the PSC of allowing "separatist authoritarianism to advance." And it has announced an appeal to the Constitutional Court and a lawsuit. PP and Citizens will also go to the Constitutional Court.

The proposal establishes that Catalan is the language normally used as a vehicular language and in learning in the educational system, as well as the language normally used in the reception of newly arrived students. Likewise, the text states that Spanish will be used in the terms determined by the linguistic projects of each center. In this sense, the initiative establishes that "the teaching and curricular and educational use of Catalan and Spanish must be guaranteed and have an adequate presence in curricula and educational projects" and that the presence of the official languages ​​"must have taking into account the general sociolinguistic situation, that of the centers and their environment, the objectives of linguistic normalization and the evolution of the linguistic learning process».

The Government's response to the sentence is made up of this law and a decree approved last week, which explicitly ensures that percentages cannot be applied to the use of languages, reaffirms Catalan as a "vehicular language" and recognizes Spanish as a language of "curricular use". In its allegations to the TSJC, the Ministry of Education defended that the sentence is impossible to execute, insofar as there is a new regulatory framework in Catalonia, approved by the Generalitat, which establishes that percentages cannot be applied in the teaching of languages ​​in any public or concerted school in Catalonia. This decree is in force, but it must still go through the Parliament, where it will have the endorsement of ERC, Junts and the commons. The PSC, which has supported the law, has distanced itself from the decree, which has been challenged in the Constitutional Court.

It remains to be seen now what response the TSJC gives to the Government's allegations and if it insists that 25% must be executed immediately.

Source link