The return to the classrooms in the Canary Islands in ten keys: new law in odd courses and more emotional education

Schoolchildren in class. / EFE

Classes begin on Friday on the islands without covid restrictions, with the opening of 34 public schools to two-year-old students and without definitive curricula. Lomloe arrives to change the way of teaching and learning

TERESA ARTILES The Gran Canarian palms

The Canarian student body begins this Friday the course of the return to normality after two subjects to strong covid restrictions. On the 9th the Infant and Primary classrooms will open and on Monday the 12th those of the ESO, Baccalaureate and FP.
Without bubbles or distances, the challenge is to implement the new educational law, the Lomloewhich is beginning to be applied in odd-numbered courses of non-university education, and entails, among other changes, new subjects.

Canarian teachers face this academic and pedagogical challenge that aims to change the way of teaching and learning
without approved resumes and program based on the drafts published on the website of the Ministry of Education.

The opening of two-year classrooms in 34 public schools and the agreement by which 1,600 more teaching positions are stabilized also mark this start of the school year on the islands, which has been even harder for families than in other years due to the rise in prices.

These are ten keys to the new course in the Canary Islands:

1. No covid restrictions

Return to normal. The Public Health Commission approved on Friday the elimination of the last covid restriction that was still in force in educational centers throughout the country, related to school canteens, where bubble groups were kept without interacting with each other (the Ministry of Education must still publish the protocol update with this change).

Thus, this course there are no covid measures except the mask on school transport. The rest is reduced to prevention measures against the virus, such as ventilation of closed spaces or making the most of the use of those that are outdoors.

2. Without covid teachers, but with 1,600 more places

The elimination of the restrictions due to the virus implies the disappearance of the hiring of temporary teachers for covid reinforcement due to the splitting of groups. The obligatory drop in ratios in the two previous years translated into an improvement in academic results. The Canary Islands face this academic year with 1,600 more consolidated teaching positions -2,700 compared to the 2019-20 academic year- after the agreement between the Ministry of Education and the Canary Islands unions, which will be used to improve attention to diversity and support for schools located in the most disadvantaged areas at the socioeconomic level. Also to the reduction of the teaching hours of the body of teachers from 25 to 23 hours per week. The general ratios (with respect to the pre-covid era) drop from 35 to 30 in high school and to 27 in the first and second of ESO, and in the third and fourth there are curricular diversification courses that already lead to a drop. In addition, the mixed groups of 5th and 6th grades of primary school are eliminated.

3. The new law is implemented in odd courses

The Lomloe, known as the Celaá law, is implemented in odd-numbered courses of non-university education. This law, which supposes a change of philosophy in the way of teaching and learning, more competent and emphasizing that the students know how to apply the knowledge they acquire, entails changes in the structure of the teachings - the two-year cycles are recovered - and new subjects. Last year, the new evaluation standards were applied that seek to lower the number of students who repeat.

4. No approved resumes

The new law requires the publication of the new curricula that are applied in all the subjects of the educational stages. Canarias is one of the seven autonomous communities that start the course only with drafts, without the decrees of the new curricular design approved. This Monday the Government sent the project for Early Childhood Education to the Consultative Council, already in its final phase to be approved, but those for Primary, ESO and Baccalaureate are missing. The teaching staff will have to program what they are going to teach and how they are going to do it based on these drafts -those for ESO and Baccalaureate were published in the summer-, although the Ministry of Education affirms that they will not vary with respect to the definitive documents. The Ministry of Education establishes 60% of the contents and the autonomous communities without a co-official language 40% (50% those that do).

5. From civic values ​​to emotional education

One of the new compulsory subjects is Education in Civic and Ethical Values, which must be studied in one of the last two years of Primary and in one of the compulsory secondary courses. In the Canary Islands, a weekly session will be taught in schools in fifth and sixth grades and in ESO one in first grade. In the islands, the teaching of Emotional Education and for Creativity (Emocrea), a subject in which the Canary Islands was a pioneer, is also extended in Primary to all courses. It will have two weekly sessions from 1st to 4th and one in 5th and 6th. Finally, in ESO, the subject of History and Geography of the Canary Islands is maintained, with one hour a week in third grade. In addition, Canarian content is one of the axes of the design of the new curricula on the islands, so that they are addressed transversally in all stages and subjects.

6. The new General Baccalaureate arrives

One of the novelties of the new Lomloe in Baccalaureate is the arrival of two new modalities. The artistic is divided into two (Music and Performing Arts and Plastic Arts, Image and Design) and the new General Baccalaureate is introduced first, with a more global approach. In the Canary Islands this course is offered by 41 institutes.

7. More dual FP

The new Vocational Training Law is also applied in classrooms, which aims to turn it "into a single system that is the door to quality employment for young people, responding flexibly to the professional qualification aspirations of people throughout their their lives and to the demands of the productive sectors”, according to the Ministry. These teachings have more than 40,000 students in the Canary Islands. The number of dual FP groups -which combines training in classrooms and in companies- increases in the archipelago to 202, compared to 122 last year.

8. Two-year classrooms in 34 colleges

It is, without a doubt, one of the great novelties of the course in the Canary Islands. For the first time, there will be public schools that teach the first cycle of Early Childhood Education, in which the Canary Islands are at the bottom of school enrollment and which is taught mostly in nursery schools, with an unequal offer and mostly private. 34 schools open a classroom for two-year-old students -in three they will be mixed groups with boys and girls also from one- with a global offer of 597 places.

9. A more expensive return to school for families

Rampant inflation has made all the classic back-to-school products more expensive, from textbooks to uniforms and clothing in general, so families have climbed a steeper September hill than in other years. The Canary Islands AMPA have also launched a campaign against requests for material from the centers so that families "assume expenses that do not correspond to them, such as toilet paper." It is what they call “illegal” educational copayment and they have started the commitment of the Ministry of Education to send a circular to the centers so that they avoid it.

10. Schools are empty

The continued decline in the birth rate has a full impact on Canarian schools, which have lost 17% of their students in ten courses. In institutes enrollment is maintained or increased, according to provisional data from the Ministry of Education. In public schools, 32,952 Infant students, 79,006 Primary students, 66,000 ESO students, 29,000 Baccalaureate students and more than 40,000 Vocational Training students start classes.

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