The refusal of the Popular Party to carry out any constitutional modification that affects the Crown prevents the king’s political and judicial armor from being ended. This legal shield that translates into the inviolability of the monarch, collected in the Article 56 of the Magna Carta, now makes it impossible to monitor the alleged irregularities committed by Juan Carlos I while he was in office, between 1975 and 2014, which allegedly affect his private assets and which caused their flight from Spain last week.
PP and Vox sow suspicion of the “regime change” that Aznar warned about
The leadership of Pablo Casado is not willing to touch the Constitution to prevent Felipe VI from maintaining the opacity that has characterized the monarchy since the restoration of democracy. In January, the secretary general of the popular, Teodoro García Egea, already made it clear that the PP “will not allow a comma to be changed in the Constitution”. And without the votes of the PP, the main opposition force, or of Vox – which has also been against constitutional changes – it is impossible to approve any reform of the legal status of the monarch, since the Magna Carta itself requires a reinforced majority of two thirds in Parliament to be able to be reformed.
The popular ones have always interpreted all the proposals to limit the king’s impunity as an “attack” on the state, a speech that they recovered last week after the statement from the Royal House announcing the departure of Juan Carlos I from Spain. His departure reopened the debate on the constitutional shield of the head of state.
In July, the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, already proposed ending the king’s inviolability to facilitate the investigation of any illicit activity even during his mandate. “The examinations of public positions must be limited to their activity. I defend the same for the king, “said then the chief executive in an interview for elDiario.es and infoLibre in which he added: “The Spanish Constitution has to evolve in accordance with the demands of exemplary and political conduct of societies.”
After the flight of the emeritus king, United We Can, partner of the PSOE in the coalition government, in addition to expressing its rejection of the management of the departure of Juan Carlos I carried out by Moncloa, has come to raise that the debate between monarchy and republic be opened in society.
Maroto denounces a campaign of “harassment” against the monarch
Both proposals have been rejected outright by the PP, whose support in Congress would be essential to be able to reform the Constitution. In July, those of Casado considered that Sánchez’s idea to end the inviolability of the king was intended to provoke a “captious debate” and accused the Prime Minister of acting with “electoralism” in view of the proximity of the 12J elections in Euskadi and Galicia . “Any change in the Constitution must be made with the majorities that created it,” they noted in Genoa 13.
Now the popular ones speak directly of “attacks” of the Executive of coalition against the monarchy by the management of the departure of Juan Carlos I. This Monday, the spokesman of the PP in the Senate, Javier Maroto, assured in a interview on Onda Cero that the Government has launched a campaign of “harassment” against the head of state and erected his party as the main defender of the monarchy. “The PP has always supported the institution and those who have occupied it,” ditch
Since the departure of the emeritus king was known, the PP – and also Vox – has doubted Sánchez’s bet in favor of the parliamentary monarchy and has sown suspicion of a possible regime change that would be being drawn from Moncloa with the excuse of the crisis that the Royal House is experiencing. Last week, Maroto himself assured that the Prime Minister defends the monarchy “with a small mouth” and ordered him to “stop Podemos and Pablo Iglesias in their tracks” for their “attacks” on the institution by raising the need for a debate between monarchy and republic.
Maroto reproaches United We can “hide” the legacy of Juan Carlos I and “only wants to focus on one part” with the aim of “overthrowing the system” of the parliamentary monarchy. The PP insists that “it will never be an accomplice” of that strategy in its opinion “shared” by the members of the Executive against an institution that has fostered “an unknown prosperity” for Spain. “They are trying to overthrow the system,” Maroto said on Friday.
The complex reform process
In this climate, the support of the PP for a reform of the Constitution is seen as “impossible” within the popular ranks themselves. His position is in any case decisive because the modification of the Magna Carta to limit the armor of the king is necessary to approve the new text in Congress and in the Senate “with a majority of two thirds of the chambers”, which in the Chamber Baja means having the support of 233 deputies. For it to go ahead, it would be necessary for more than 117 deputies not to vote against, and only those of PP (88) and Vox (52) add 140 seats.
In addition, if the text is approved in both chambers, then the Cortes Generales would have to be dissolved and elections called for the new Cortes to ratify the change with a simple majority – more votes in favor than against – in both chambers, before submitting the new one. Constitution to referendum.