May 14, 2021

The reform of Selectivity is postponed and each autonomy will correct in its own way | Society


At least one course will have to be waited for unifying criteria to correct the Selectivity, a test of access to the disparate University in Spain and that marks the future employment of those who present themselves. Finally, the Government, which committed last July to a selective reform, He has not called the parties to meetings. They were going to attend representatives of the autonomies – responsible for developing and correcting the evidence based on their own agendas -, the ministries involved (Universities and Education), students and rectors.

Sources of the Ministry of Education explain that the whole process has been delayed by the electoral stop and formation of the new government. The first meeting of the technical commission had to have been held in mid-November and not even the parties were called, says Laura Alcaide, of the Coordinator of Representatives of Students of Public Universities (CREUP).


Average grade of those approved

in 2014 and 2018

General phase of the Selectivity

(ordinary call)

Estremadura

Canary Islands

Murcia

Aragon

Basque Country

Castile and Leon

Cantabria

Madrid

The Rioja

Andalusia

Navarre

NATIONAL MEDIA

Asturias

Castilla la Mancha

Com. Valencian

Catalonia

Galicia

Balearics

Source: Ministry of Universities

THE COUNTRY

Average grade of those approved

in 2014 and 2018

General phase of the Selectivity

(ordinary call)

Estremadura

Canary Islands

Murcia

Aragon

Basque Country

Castile and Leon

Cantabria

Madrid

The Rioja

Andalusia

Navarre

NATIONAL MEDIA

Asturias

Castilla la Mancha

Com. Valencian

Catalonia

Galicia

Balearics

Source: Ministry of Universities

THE COUNTRY

Average grade of those approved in 2014 and 2018

General phase of the Selectivity (ordinary call)

Estremadura

Canary Islands

Murcia

Aragon

Basque Country

Castile and Leon

Cantabria

Madrid

The Rioja

Andalusia

Navarre

NATIONAL MEDIA

Asturias

Castilla la Mancha

Com. Valencian

Catalonia

Galicia

Balearics

Source: Ministry of Universities

THE COUNTRY

The Selectivity reform is postponed and each autonomy will correct in its own way



The Government cannot unify the contents of the Selectivity because the regions have autonomy in the drafting of part of the agenda, but it intends at least to homogenize what is asked and how to correct in the three mandatory subjects (which all must be examined) –Spanish Language and Literature, History of Spain and first Foreign Language— and the indispensable of each branch — Mathematics (Sciences), Mathematics Applied to Social Sciences (Social), Latin (Humanities) or Foundations of Art (Arts) -. “We more than homogenize what we want is to establish a minimum level of demand in all communities and not disparities in exams,” argues the Warden, the university. “We have studied exams and we have seen irregularities. There are very generic and others with very specific questions,” continues the spokeswoman for CREUP.

The Executive is also concerned about heterogeneity in penalizing spelling mistakes, as is the case in oppositions to a teacher or secondary school teacher. The controversy of the Selectivity has been dragging for five years because the race to get a place in the most demanded careers (Medicine, Physiotherapy or the double degree of Mathematics and Physics) is becoming more competitive and the communities that every year score higher at their students do not correspond with those who achieve the best results in the PISA tests. But the fuse ignited with intensity in 2018, when the counselor of Castilla y León said that “in some communities the notes of the boys” are “swollen” and that tests in those autonomies were easier.

Socialists and universities resisted addressing the controversy they considered sterile. “To raise the issue of Selectivity is to put noise into the system. They want to create greater tension, ”said José Carlos Gómez Villamandos, the president of the rectors’ conference, in an interview in EL PAÍS. But, as every year, the nth wave of outrage broke out in 2019 due to exams that are allegedly of great complexity. In Madrid, high school teachers denounced that the Technical Drawing test did not respect “the principles of equality, merit and ability” of the evaluation “, while in the Valencian Community the average grade in Mathematics was 4.5 and the students collected 45,000 signatures against the exam. With those wicks, the Government announced that the system would be reviewed.

Best and worst grades

Those approved in Extremadura obtained in 2018 – the latest known data – a note in the general phase of 7.64, compared to the national average of 7.28. Extremadura is the third region with the lowest score in Spain in Mathematics and Science in PISA. And it follows in the ranking of the best Canarian grades, the worst in the two OECD exams, which scored in 2018 its students with a 7.60 in Selectivity. These brighter qualifications allowed them to occupy a place in highly requested grades in other regions. The difference between the community with better grades (Extremadura 7.64) and the least (Baleares, 6.99) does not reach a point but, nevertheless, the hundredths mark the difference between entering or not entering a race.

Cristina Rueda, Professor of Biostatistics at the University of Valladolid, is outraged that in her class in Medicine there are not many students in her community, Castilla y León, despite being the one that gets better results in PISA, at the height of Finland. That is why it has analyzed the results in detail. The most obvious difference is between the outstanding ratings. In 2015, 23% of Canarian high school students achieved an average of between 9 and 10 in the Selectividad, compared to 6.16 in Navarra. So, Rueda emphasizes, that that year a student from the Canary Islands had three times more options than a Navarrese to enter a medical school and twice that of a Castilian-Leonese.

“It is nonsense that there are 17 different accesses from the University. As long as there are 17 different educational systems [el número de comunidades autónomas] This has no solution. Does anyone imagine 17 different MIR exams? It is unimaginable outside of Spain, ”Rueda gets angry.
“We more than homogenize content, what we want is to establish a minimum level of demand in all autonomous communities and not disparities in exams,” argues Alcaide, the spokeswoman for CREUP. “We have studied exams and we have seen irregularities. There are very generic and others with very specific questions, ”he continues.
Professor Rueda believes that the only thing that can be done is to assign the same percentage of places to each community according to its population. “The way to put the batteries in Castilla y León has been to put higher marks and that is not the solution, because if you dedicate yourself to putting all of you harm your best students.” In the global mark, the average is made between the Baccalaureate notes placed by the schools and the Selectivity score.

The figures prove Rueda right. Sixteen of the 17 autonomies —Baleares no— have slightly increased their average grades. Those who pass in June have gone from achieving an average of 7.16 to 7.28, a decisive difference in heavily contested positions. In addition to this general test of compulsory subjects, students who want to choose very close grades are submitted to a maximum of four exams in elective subjects and scores up to 14, not 10.

The Minister of Education, Isabel Celaá, who met Monday with the advisers of the branch of Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha and Castilla y León, did not want at a press conference to advance her plans regarding the reform of the access test to the College. Enrique Ossorio, the Madrid counselor, took the opportunity to request a single Selectivity common to all the autonomous communities, something unfeasible with the current education system and pursued by PP and Citizens. The ultra-right Vox goes further and demands a single system common to all

The rectors’ conference has created a “commission of experts” with representatives of all the autonomies to “establish analysis criteria to evaluate the Selectivity model,” they explain from the agency. Once the indicators have been defined, this group of experts, coordinated by the rector of Castilla-La Mancha Miguel Ángel Collado, will transfer the results to their representatives in the interministerial technical commission – the Autonomous Universities of Madrid, Complutense, León and Zaragoza will attend – to make a proposal to improve equity criteria.

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