More and more children under three attend a nursery school. In the last decade, the rate of schooling for children of one and two years has doubled in Spain (those of three already touch 100%), according to the State System of Education Indicators (SEIE), published this morning by the Ministry.
In the 2016-17 academic year, the last year that the report offers as reference, 58% of children under two years of age attended a school (32% in 2007); For those of one year the statistics were 17% a decade ago and 38% today.
Although the public school has advanced positions in recent years, private education is still very important in this educational stage, whether concerted or not, given the lack of public offer. The division has been around 50% for several years between both networks: the current photograph shows that 51.5% of the children go to a public center, 14.6% enrolled in a concerted one and the remaining 33.9% He did it in a private one without arranging.
From that stage and onwards, schooling is already around 100% in all compulsory courses and the presence of the concerted school goes up to around 30% in the second cycle of Infant, Primary and Compulsory Secondary, until 16 years.
The educational indicators also show an improvement in the suitability rates in Secondary, although a slight decline in Primary. The suitability rate reflects the percentage of students in the school year that due to their age would correspond to them (although they do not enter to study what the delays detected are due to: the majority are due to repetition, but there may be other causes such as long illnesses or address changes that cause you to miss a course).
By its nature, the slight decline in the rate of Primary eligibility could end up affecting the Secondary in the coming years. In data, 93.6% of eight-year-old students are in their course, one percentage point less than a decade ago. Those of 10 years are practically the same (89.7% versus 90% in 2006) and those of 12 have improved a point and a half (from 84.1% to 85.7%).
It is in Secondary where the percentages fall and reveal the problem that Spain has with repetition, with one of the highest rates in Europe. Thus, one in four 14-year-old students is not in the corresponding course (74.4% is), a fact that one year later reaches almost one in three (31.4% is not in your level).
The good news is that both figures have a clear upward trajectory of improvement. Ten years ago, almost one in two 15-year-old students had left some course along the way (43%), while those of 14 were one in three (33.5%).
Women, always better
In this section, women improve men at all ages over the past decade. And they do not do it by little: in the Secondary School, the percentages of women in their course exceed their male peers by ten points on average. In Primary, with suitability rates around 90%, the differences are smaller.
Another differentiating element of the educational situation of the students is in the ownership of the center: on average, the public have twice or more repeaters than the private ones in all courses, from 1st Primary (1.1% in the private front to 3.3% in the public) up to 4th of the ESO (4.3% vs. 8.1%).
Finally, early educational abandonment (people aged 18 to 24 who did not pass the compulsory secondary school) continues the downward path that began with the crisis and the collapse of low-skilled jobs. Spain stands at 17.9%, when a decade ago it was at 31.7%. It touches the objective of reaching 15% by 2020, although the goal is distorted with respect to the European objective: where our neighbors try to reach 10%, Spain settled for 15% "due to its high percentage" of departure.
This indicator highlights regional differences, with very different extremes ranging from 6.9% or 9.8% of Euskadi and Cantabria, respectively, to 29.5% of Melilla or 24.4% of the Balearic Islands . The same applies to the breakdown by sex: that 17.9% on average is broken down by 21.7% for men versus 14% for women.
. (tagsToTranslate) rate (t) lower (t) schooled (t) duplicated (t) decade